Eastwood, Clint


Eastwood, Clint

▪ American actor, director, and politician
in full  Clinton Eastwood, Jr.  
born May 31, 1930, San Francisco, California, U.S.

      American motion-picture actor who emerged as one of the most popular Hollywood stars in the 1970s and went on to become a prolific and respected director-producer.

      Growing up during the Great Depression, Eastwood moved from town to town with his family, spending little more than a few months in each of the many schools he attended. After graduating from high school in California and briefly attending Los Angeles City College, Eastwood held various jobs and served in the U.S. Army before becoming a bit player in Hollywood. He first attracted notice as the second lead in the television western series Rawhide (1959–66). He achieved international stardom during this same period when he played “The Man With No Name”—a laconic, fearless gunfighter whose stoicism masks his brutality—in three Spanish-Italian westerns (popularly known as “spaghetti westerns”) directed by Sergio Leone (Leone, Sergio): Per un pugno di dollari (1964; A Fistful of Dollars), Per qualche dollari in piú (1965; For a Few Dollars More), and Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo (1966; The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly).

      Once these films were released in the United States, Eastwood was offered starring roles in Hollywood pictures. He worked with director Don Siegel (Siegel, Don) on Coogan's Bluff (1968), Two Mules for Sister Sara (1970), The Beguiled (1971), and Escape from Alcatraz (1979). Their best-known collaboration was Dirty Harry (1971), in which Eastwood first portrayed the ruthlessly effective police inspector Harry Callahan. The film proved to be one of Eastwood's most successful, spawning four sequels and establishing the no-nonsense character of Dirty Harry—known for such catchphrases as “Go ahead, make my day” (Sudden Impact [1983])—as a cinema icon. Eastwood capably directed himself in such films as Play Misty for Me (1971), The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976), Bronco Billy (1980), Pale Rider (1985), and White Hunter, Black Heart (1990), as well as Sudden Impact, regarded as the best of the Dirty Harry sequels. A lifelong devotee of jazz, Eastwood also directed the well-regarded Bird (1988), a film biography of saxophonist Charlie Parker (Parker, Charlie), and produced the documentary Thelonious Monk: Straight, No Chaser (1988). Offscreen, Eastwood made national headlines in 1986 when he was elected mayor of Carmel, California, largely on the strength of his campaign promise to end the town's ban on the eating of ice cream on its main street.

      Eastwood's style of acting is minimally expressive, and his films initially drew little praise from critics. Yet his strong, resonant screen presence earned him success at the box office. His standard role was that of a tough loner whose violent behaviour conforms to his own understated moral principles. Eastwood's willingness to demythologize such stock characters as western heroes and private eyes eventually brought him critical acclaim, as did his lean, crisp directorial style. He is known as a director equally adept at presenting deep character studies and fluid action sequences. Eastwood's revisionist western Unforgiven (1992) won the Academy Award for best picture and the best director award for Eastwood. His noted films of later years include In the Line of Fire (1993), A Perfect World (1993), The Bridges of Madison County (1995), Absolute Power (1997), Space Cowboys (2000), and Mystic River (2003), a dark tale of murder and revenge that many critics believed to be one of Eastwood's finest films as a director.

      In 2005 Eastwood earned an Academy Award for best director for the boxing drama Million Dollar Baby (2004), which also received an Oscar for best picture. He next directed the World War II films Flags of Our Fathers (2006) and Letters from Iwo Jima (2006), both of which focused on the Battle of Iwo Jima. The latter, told from the Japanese perspective, was nominated for several Academy Awards, including best director and best film. Eastwood later directed the 1920s-era drama changeling (2008), about a mother (played byAngelina Jolie (Jolie, Angelina)) who fought to find her kidnapped son after the wrong child is returned to her, and Gran Torino (2008), in which he also starred as a hardened Korean War veteran.

      Eastwood's long-standing interest in music was reflected in Piano Blues, his contribution to the Public Broadcasting System's multipart series The Blues (2003). Eastwood was the recipient of the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award in 1996. In 2007 he was made a chevalier of the French Legion of Honour.

Additional Reading
Michael Munn, Clint Eastwood: Hollywood's Loner (1992); Boris Zmijewsky and Lee Pfeiffer, The Films of Clint Eastwood (1993); Richard Schickel, Clint Eastwood (1996).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • EASTWOOD, Clint — (1930– )    Clint Eastwood is unquestionably one of the most important figures in the history of cinema Westerns. On numerous levels, his Man with No Name character in Sergio Leone’s 1960s Dollars Trilogy forever changed the concept of the… …   Westerns in Cinema

  • Eastwood, Clint — • И СТВУД (Eastwood) Клинт (р. 31.5.1930)    амер. актёр, режиссёр. В кино с 1954 (ф. Месть чудовища ). Приобрёл популярность, исполнив роль одного из героев цикла итал. вестернов С. Леоне За пригоршню долларов (1964), За несколько лишних… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Eastwood, Clint — East|wood, Clint [ istwud, klınt ] a movie actor known for playing characters who do not say much but fight or shoot very well …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Eastwood, Clint(on) — born May 31, 1930, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. U.S. actor and director. He won attention in the television series Rawhide (1959–66) before his roles in three of Sergio Leone s spaghetti westerns (1964–66) made him an international star. He… …   Universalium

  • Eastwood, Clint — ► (n. 1930) Actor y director cinematográfico estadounidense. Sus papeles se han centrado en el western (Por un puñado de dólares, 1964; Dos mulas y una mujer, 1970), los filmes policíacos (Harry el sucio, 1971) y las películas de acción (Fuga de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eastwood, Clint(on) — (n. 31 may. 1930, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.). Actor y director de cine estadounidense. Concitó la atención en la serie de televisión Rawhide (1959–66) y sus actuaciones en tres spaghetti westerns de Sergio Leone (1964–66) lo convirtieron en una …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Clint Eastwood — beim Toronto International Film Festival 2010 Clinton Eastwood jr. (* 31. Mai 1930 in San Francisco, Kalifornien) ist ein US amerikanischer Filmschauspieler, regisseur, produzent, komponist und Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clint Eastwood (musician) — Clint Eastwood Birth name Robert Brammer Origin Jamaica Genres Reggae Instruments Vocals Clint Eastwood (b. Robert Brammer) is a Jamaican reggae deejay, who recorded as a …   Wikipedia

  • Eastwood — is the name of several places:;in Australia *Eastwood, New South Wales **Eastwood railway station, Sydney *Eastwood, South Australia;in Canada *Eastwood, Ontario *Eastwood (Edmonton), Alberta, a neighborhood;in the Philippines *Eastwood… …   Wikipedia

  • Eastwood — Eastwood, Clint Eastwood, Clinton, llamado Clint …   Enciclopedia Universal


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.