Dyer, Mary Barrett

Dyer, Mary Barrett

▪ Quaker martyr
née  Mary Barrett 
born early 1600s, probably Somersetshire, Eng.
died June 1, 1660, Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony [now in Mass., U.S.]

      British-born religious figure whose martyrdom to her Quaker faith helped relieve the persecution of that group in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

      Married in 1633 in London to William Dyer, Mary Dyer went with him to America (c. 1635) and settled in Boston. She began to accept the antinomian religious views of Anne Hutchinson (Hutchinson, Anne) and in 1638 followed Hutchinson into banishment in Rhode Island. Dyer's husband joined in the founding of Portsmouth (Rhode Island) and became a leading figure in the new colony.

      From 1652 to 1657 Dyer lived in England with her husband. During that time she became a member of the Society of Friends (Friends, Society of) (Quakers). Upon her return to New England in 1657 she took up missionary work on behalf of the Quakers. Severe anti-Quaker laws passed in 1657 and 1658 made Dyer's work in Massachusetts extremely perilous. She suffered imprisonment in Boston in 1657 and expulsion from New Haven, Connecticut, in 1658 in the course of her missionary travels. In 1659 she was again imprisoned briefly in Boston, where she had gone to visit two other imprisoned Friends, and in September of that year she was formally banished, a sentence that carried the threat of execution should she return. Dyer nonetheless did return in October. Arrested and condemned, she was reprieved while at the gallows (two others were hanged that day) by the intercession of her son and the governors of Connecticut and Nova Scotia. She was again expelled.

      In May 1660, in obedience to her conscience and in defiance of the law, Dyer returned once more to Boston. An appeal to her to acquiesce in banishment failed, and she was hanged publicly on June 1, 1660. Her death came gradually to be considered a martyrdom even in Massachusetts, where it hastened the easing of anti-Quaker statutes.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mary Dyer — Mary Barrett Dyer Dyer being led to the gallows in Boston in 1660 Born Mary (Marie) Barrett c. 1611[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Mary Dyer — Mary Barrett Dyer (1611? 1 de junio de 1660) fue una cuáquera inglesa que fue ahorcada en Boston, Massachusetts por desacatar reiteradamente una ley que prohibía a los cuáqueros entrar en la colonia de Massachusetts. Está considerada la última… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mary Dyer — led to execution on Boston Common, 1 June 1660 (unbekannter Künstler). Mary Barrett Dyer (* um 1611 in London; † 1. Juni 1660 in Boston) war eine Quäkerin, die in Boston (Massachusetts) gehängt wurde, weil sie die Stadt wiederholt betreten hatte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mary Dyer — conduite au Boston Common pour être pendue Mary Barrett Dyer (1611? 1er juin 1660) était une Anglaise quaker qui fut pendue à Boston dans le Massachusetts pour avoir dénoncé les lois anti quaker de la colonie. Elle est cons …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Geschichte der Quäker (Zeittafel) — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 17. Jahrhundert 2 18. Jahrhundert 3 19. Jahrhundert 4 20. Jahrhundert 5 21. Jahrhundert 6 Anmerkungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Protestantism — /prot euh steuhn tiz euhm/, n. 1. the religion of Protestants. 2. the Protestant churches collectively. 3. adherence to Protestant principles. [1640 50; PROTESTANT + ISM] * * * One of the three major branches of Christianity, originating in the… …   Universalium

  • The Dinner Party — For other works with this title, see Dinner Party The Dinner Party is an installation artwork by feminist artist Judy Chicago depicting place settings for 39 mythical and historical famous women. It was produced from 1974 to 1979 as a… …   Wikipedia

  • Дайер, Мэри — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Дайер. Мэри Барретт Дайер (англ. Mary Barrett Dyer, около 1611, Лондон  1 июня 1660, Бостон)  квакерша, повешенная в Бостоне, иногда её называют последней мученицей Северной Америки …   Википедия

  • Botánicos por la abreviatura del autor — Anexo:Botánicos por la abreviatura del autor Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Autor botánico es quien por primera vez describe una planta. Su nombre científico viene dado por su nomenclatura binomial seguida de la abreviatura del autor/es botánico/s …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anexo:Botánicos por la abreviatura del autor — Autor botánico es quien por primera vez describe una planta. Su nombre científico viene dado por su nomenclatura binomial seguida de la abreviatura del autor/es botánico/s. Así Aconitum anthora L. indica que fue nombrada por Carlos Linneo, el… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.