Dunajská Streda

Dunajská Streda

Hungarian  Dunaszerdahely 

      town, southwestern Slovakia, on the highway and railway line between Bratislava and Komárno. Dunajská Streda is located at the geographical centre of Great Rye Island (the Slovakian portion of the alluvial plain of the Danube River) and is surrounded by fertile land.

      There is evidence of settlement from Roman times. Dunajská Streda was first mentioned in a written document in 1283. In the 15th century it was chartered as a market town. From the early 19th century until World War II it was a centre of Jewish intellectual and economic life. Until 1918 the town belonged to the kingdom of Hungary. After World War I it became part of Czechoslovakia; on Nov. 2, 1938, with the “First Vienna Award,” the town was returned to Hungary, which held it until 1945. Following World War II, although more than nine-tenths of its inhabitants were ethnic Hungarians, Dunajská Streda was again incorporated into Czechoslovakia and remained part of Slovakia when Czechoslovakia splintered in 1993.

      The town's Roman Catholic church was built in the 14th century in Gothic style. The baroque buildings of the Yellow Manor House (1770) were built for bishop Miklós Kondé. Today these buildings house the ethnographical and archaeological collections of the Csallóköz Museum; an exhibition hall was built next to it in 1986.

      Dunajská Streda is the industrial and cultural hub of Great Rye Island. Its industries include sugar refining, food processing, and engineering. Pop. (2005 est.) 23,490.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dunajska Streda — Dunajská Streda Wappen Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dunajská Streda — Wappen Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dunajska Streda — Dunajská Streda Dunajská Streda Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dunajská Streda — (Chef lieu de district) Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • DUNAJSKA STREDA — (Hung. Dunaszerdahely), town located on the largest island of the Danube River in S.W. Slovakia, now Slovak Republic. Towns and villages of the region had dense Jewish populations and most were supervised by the Dunajska Streda rabbinate. The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Dunajská Streda — Coordinates: 47°59′40″N 17°37′10″E / 47.99444°N 17.61944°E / 47.99444; 17.61944 …   Wikipedia

  • Dunajska Streda — Original name in latin Dunajsk Streda Name in other language Duna Szerdahely, Dunajska Streda, Dunajsk Streda, Dunaszerdahely, Дунайска Стреда State code SK Continent/City Europe/Bratislava longitude 47.99268 latitude 17.61211 altitude 117… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Dunajská Streda — Sp Dùnaiska Stredà Ap Dunajská Streda L Slovakija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Dunajská Streda District — okres Dunajská Streda Dunaszerdahelyi járás   District   Country S …   Wikipedia

  • Dunajská Streda (Okres) — Übersichtskarten Basisdaten Okres/Bezirk Dunajská Streda …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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