du Bellay, Joachim


du Bellay, Joachim

▪ French poet
born c. 1522, Liré, Fr.
died Jan. 1, 1560, Paris
 French poet, leader with Pierre de Ronsard (Ronsard, Pierre de) of the literary group known as La Pléiade (Pléiade, La). Du Bellay is the author of the Pléiade's manifesto, La Défense et illustration de la langue française (The Defence & Illustration of the French Language).

      Du Bellay was born into a noble family of the Loire River valley, and he studied law and the humanities in Poitiers and Paris. He published The Defence & Illustration of the French Language in 1549. In it he asserted that French is capable of producing a modern literature equal in quality and expressiveness to that of ancient Greece and Rome. He argued that French writers should look not only to Classical texts but also to contemporary Italy for literary models. In 1549–50 du Bellay published his first sonnets, inspired by the Italian poet Petrarch.

      In 1553 he went with his cousin Jean du Bellay, a prominent cardinal and diplomat, on a mission to Rome. By this time Joachim du Bellay had started to write on religious themes, but his experience of court life in the Vatican seems to have disillusioned him. He turned instead to meditations on the vanished glories of ancient Rome in the Antiquités de Rome and to melancholy satire in his finest work, the Regrets (both published after his return to France in 1558).

      Throughout his life du Bellay suffered ill health and intermittent deafness. His portraits show a withdrawn and austere figure and reinforce the impression of a man totally dedicated to his art. He had a sincere affection for his country and determined that it should have a literature to rival that of any other nation. He introduced new literary forms into French, with the first book of odes and the first of love sonnets in the language. Abroad, he influenced the English lyric poets of the 16th century, and some of his work was translated by Edmund Spenser in Complaints . . . (1591).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bellay, Joachim du — (1522 1560)    poet, scholar    An influential figure of the French Renaissance, Joachim du Bellay was born in Liré. Abandoning a military career and under the influence of Peletier du Mans, he took up poetry. Inspired by the humanistic spirit of …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Bellay,Joachim du — Bel·lay (bə lāʹ, bĕ lāʹ), Joachim du. 1522? 1560. French poet. A founder of a group of poets known as the Pléiade, he wrote sonnets, satires on literary conventions, and a manifesto of the group s poetic principles. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bellay, Joachim du — ► (1525 60) Poeta francés, llamado el Ovidio francés. Autor de sonetos clásicos, como Los lamentos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BELLAY, JOACHIM DU —    French poet; author of sonnets entitled Regrets, full of vigour and poetry; wrote the Antiquités de Rome ; was called the Apollo of the Pléiade, the best poet and the best prose writer among them (1524 1560) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • du Bellay,Joachim — du Bel·lay (do͞o bə lāʹ, dü bĕ lāʹ), Joachim. See Bellay, Joachim du. * * * …   Universalium

  • DU BELLAY, Joachim — (1522 1560) Joachim Du Bellay s Defense et illustration de la langue françoyse (A de­fense and illustration of the French language, 1549) proclaimed the doctrine of the French Pleiade poets, including Du Bellay, Pierre de Ronsard,* and Jean… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Du Bellay, Joachim — (ca. 1522 1560)    French poet, second only to Pierre de Ronsard among the group of court poets known as La Pléiade. Like others of this school, he strove to capture and express the spirit of the great poets of classical antiquity in his native… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Joachim Du Bellay — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Du Bellay (Famille). Joachim du Bellay …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joachim du bellay — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Du Bellay (Famille). Joachim du Bellay …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joachim du Bellay — (* um 1522 in Liré nahe Angers; † 1. Januar 1560 in Paris) war ein französischer Autor. Er gilt neben Pierre de Ronsard als der bedeutendste französische Lyriker der Mitte des 16. Jahrhunderts …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.