Drang nach Osten


Drang nach Osten

▪ German history
      (German: “Drive to the East”), German policy or disposition to colonize the Slavic lands east of Germany. The term originally referred to the eastward movement of German settlers in the 12th and 13th centuries but was resurrected by Adolf Hitler (Hitler, Adolf) in the 20th century to describe his plans for acquiring Lebensraum (“living space”) for Germans.

      The medieval Drang nach Osten was part of a general German expansion and was particularly directed toward the territory between the rivers Elbe and Oder. Here peasants could settle land on more favourable terms than farther west, while many knights needed fiefs and lordships to uphold their rank. The great German princes won extensive lands in the region: the Welf duchy of Saxony was supreme in the later 12th century; by 1250 the Ascanian dynasty had large holdings in Brandenburg, while the Wettin margraves of Meissen were powerful farther south. In the 13th century the religious order of the Teutonic Knights won large territories in Prussia and farther north around the shores of the Baltic Sea.

      During the 20th century, the German Nazis invoked the Drang nach Osten to glorify their territorial greed directed against Czechoslovakia, Poland, and the Soviet Union. (The phrase occurred in Hitler's tirades against Czechoslovakia during the late 1930s.) After Germany's initial successes in World War II, the idea became submerged in more general schemes of world domination.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Drang nach Osten — ist ein politisches Schlagwort aus der nationalistischen Diskussion des 19. Jahrhunderts. Seine genaue Herkunft ist unbekannt. Als erster schriftlicher Beleg wird häufig ein offener Brief des polnischen Publizisten Julian Klaczko an Georg… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Drang nach Osten — is also a game in the Europa wargame series. Expulsion of Poles following the German invasion of Poland in 1939. The Poles are removed to make place for German colonists as part of a plan to Germanize western Poland. Drang nach Osten (Germa …   Wikipedia

  • Drang Nach Osten — Le Drang nach Osten (« poussée vers l Est » en allemand) ou Ostkolonisation était un mouvement colonial germanique initié par le saint empereur romain germanique Frédéric II Hohenstaufen dans la première moitié du XIIIe siècle. Il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Drang nach osten — Le Drang nach Osten (« poussée vers l Est » en allemand) ou Ostkolonisation était un mouvement colonial germanique initié par le saint empereur romain germanique Frédéric II Hohenstaufen dans la première moitié du XIIIe siècle. Il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Drang nach Osten — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Drang nach Osten (en español, Afán de ir hacia el este ) es un término que fue usado por los nacionalistas en los siglos XIX y XX para explicar la necesidad de Alemania de obtener nuevos territorios en Europa… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Drang nach Osten — /drang nahh osˈtən/ noun (German, historical) Eastward thrust, the policy of German expansionists …   Useful english dictionary

  • drang nach Osten — 1906, former German imperial policy of eastward expansion; lit. pressure to the east …   Etymology dictionary

  • Drang nach Osten — Colons allemands se reposant sur leur chemin vers Kamianets Podilskyï (aujourd hui en Ukraine). photo prise dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle. Le Drang nach Osten (« Marche vers l Est » en allemand) ou Ostkolonisation était à l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Drang nach Osten — …   Википедия

  • Drang nach Osten — /ˈdraŋ nak ˈɒstən/ (say drahng nahk ostuhn) noun (formerly) the German imperialistic foreign policy of extending influence to the east and south. {German: drive to the east} …   Australian English dictionary


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