Donatus, Aelius

Donatus, Aelius

▪ Roman grammarian
flourished 4th century AD

      famous grammarian and teacher of rhetoric at Rome, one of whose pupils was Eusebius Hieronymus (later St. Jerome).

      Donatus wrote a large and a small school grammar, Ars maior and Ars minor. The latter was written for young students and gives, by question and answer, elementary instruction in the eight parts of speech. It remained in use throughout the European Middle Ages, and its author's name in the forms donat and donet came to mean “grammar” or any kind of “lesson.” The larger work, in three parts, deals with the elements of grammar, the eight parts of speech, and errors and beauties of language. Donatus has little claim to originality, but his grammar was often cited by other authors, and many commentaries were written on it. Donatus also wrote commentaries on Terence and Virgil. The former in its original form is lost, and the version that has survived lacks the notes on the Heauton timorumenos (The Self Tormentor). Donatus' valuable commentary was based on excellent sources and on careful study of Terence. It contains interesting notes on scenic representation and comparisons with Greek originals. Of the commentary on Virgil there survive only the preface and dedication, a life of Virgil, the introduction to the Bucolics, and quotations.

      Aelius Donatus is to be distinguished from Tiberius Claudius Donatus, probably late 4th century AD, author of the Interpretationes Vergilianae, a commentary on the Aeneid.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DONATUS Aelius — Grammaticus doctissimus, sec. 4. Romae vixit, D. Hieronymi praeceptor, Hieron. in Chron. A. C. 360. Dubitatur a nonnullis, utrum is Donatus Hieronym. Praeceptor fuerit, qui in Terentium commentarios scripsit. Quod omnino tamen verisimile videtur …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Aelius Donat — Aelius Donatus Pour les articles homonymes, voir Donatus. Aelius Donatus, grammairien (grammaticus) latin du IVe siècle. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Donatus [2] — Donatus, Aelius, Lehrer des Hieronymus, schrieb Scholien zum Terenz u. grammatische Abhandlungen, welche gesammelt viele Jahrh. als lat. Grammatik dienten, weßhalb noch heute ein grober Verstoß gegen grammatikalische Regeln Donatschnitzer heißt.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Aelius Donatus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Donatus. Aelius Donatus, grammairien (grammaticus) latin du IVe siècle, né vers 320 et décédé vers 380. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Donatus — Donat Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Donat est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Prénom 2 Saints chrétiens …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Donatus — I Donatus   [lateinisch »der Gegebene«] der, /...ti, im Mittelalter ein einem Kloster zum späteren Eintritt übergebenes Kind oder ein Erwachsener, der sich einem geistlichen oder Ritterorden anschloss (Oblate).   II Don …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Aelius Donatus — (* um 320; † um 380) war ein römischer Grammatiker und Rhetoriklehrer. Über sein Leben ist lediglich bekannt, dass er der Lehrer des heiligen Hieronymus war. Er verfasste eine Reihe von Werken, von denen mehrere erhalten blieben: Ein teilweise… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aelius Donatus — (fl. mid 4th century) was a Roman grammarian and teacher of rhetoric. The only fact known regarding his life is that he was the tutor of St. Jerome. He was the author of a number of professional works, of which several are still extant: A partly… …   Wikipedia

  • Aelius — (weibliche Form Aelia) war das Nomen der gens Aelia, einer plebejischen Familie im Römischen Reich. Sie wird zuerst im 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr. erwähnt. Der Name kam bis zur Spätantike vor, besonders verbreitet dadurch, dass er ab dem 2.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aelius — was the nomen of the ancient Roman gens Aelia. Among its members was the Roman Emperor Hadrian.* Publius Aelius Paetus, consul 337 BC * Gaius Aelius Paetus, consul 286 BC * Publius Aelius Q.f. Paetus, consul 201 BC * Sextus Aelius Q.f. Paetus… …   Wikipedia

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