Dōkyō


Dōkyō

▪ Japanese Buddhist priest

died 772, Shimotsuke province [modern Tochigi prefecture], Japan

      Japanese Buddhist priest who attempted to usurp the Japanese imperial throne.

      In 761 Dōkyō won the confidence of the former empress Kōken (who had occupied the throne from 749 to 758) and, according to some accounts, became her lover. With the empress's aid he began to exercise a dominant influence within the government. In 764 Dōkyō succeeded in eliminating his major political rival, the minister Oshikatsu, who was the favourite of the emperor Junnin.

      In the ensuing coup, the emperor was deposed, and the former empress reascended the throne, ruling as the empress Shōtoku (764–770). Within a year Dōkyō was named prime minister, and in 766 he also was made high priest of state. Not content with virtually ruling the country, he persuaded an oracle to predict his succession to the throne, a pretension that angered many important members of the government, especially those of the powerful Fujiwara Family. When the empress died in 770, the Fujiwara had Dōkyō banished from the capital. As a result of this episode, no woman was allowed to succeed to the Japanese throne for nearly a thousand years.

▪ Japanese religion
      (from Chinese Tao-chiao, “Teaching of the Way”), popular or religious Taoism, as distinguished from philosophical Taoism, as introduced into Japan from China. It was the source of many widespread Japanese folk beliefs and practices of divination and magic, some of which persist into modern times.

      Popular Taoism found its way into Japan (1) via philosophical texts such as the Tao-te Ching (“The Classic of the Way of Power”) and other literary texts, (2) as an integral part of Buddhism and Chinese culture, and (3) informally, through court festivals and popular festivals and beliefs. A government department of divination, the On-myō-ryō (“Bureau of On-myō” [Chinese: Yin-Yang]), patterned after the Chinese practice, existed as early as 675 AD but later died out. One of the duties of the bureau, in keeping with the Yin-Yang theory of the balance of complementary forces, was to regulate the calendar in order to maintain a balance between the social order and the cosmic order. The introduction of the Chinese calendar had a lasting impact on Japanese religious history (even Shintō shrines hold their festivals in accordance with the Chinese calendar).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dokyo — Dōkyō (jap. 道鏡; * um 700; † 772) war ein buddhistischer Mönch und wegen seiner politischen Ambitionen eine der berühmt berüchtigsten Gestalten der japanischen Nara Zeit. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Hintergrund und erster Ruhm 2 Dōkyō am Hof 3 Ambitionen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dōkyō — (jap. 道鏡; * um 700; † 772) war ein buddhistischer Mönch und wegen seiner politischen Ambitionen eine der berühmt berüchtigtsten Gestalten der japanischen Nara Zeit. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Hintergrund und erster Ruhm 2 Dōkyō am Hof …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dōkyō — (道鏡?, 700 – May 13, 772) was a Nara Period Japanese monk of the Dharma character school. As he was born in the family of Yuge, in the lineage of the Mononobe clan, Dōkyō was also known as Yuge no Dōkyō (弓削道鏡 …   Wikipedia

  • Dokyo — Dōkyō Dōkyō (道鏡, 700 772) était un moine bouddhiste de la secte Hossô shû. Dans la mesure où il était né dans la famille Yuge, de la lignée du clan Mononobe, il était aussi connu sous le nom de Yuge no Dōkyō. Il était le frère de Yuge no Kiyoto.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dôkyô — Dōkyō Dōkyō (道鏡, 700 772) était un moine bouddhiste de la secte Hossô shû. Dans la mesure où il était né dans la famille Yuge, de la lignée du clan Mononobe, il était aussi connu sous le nom de Yuge no Dōkyō. Il était le frère de Yuge no Kiyoto.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dōkyō — (道鏡, 700 772) était un moine bouddhiste de la secte Hossô shû. Dans la mesure où il était né dans la famille Yuge, de la lignée du clan Mononobe, il était aussi connu sous le nom de Yuge no Dōkyō. Il était le frère de Yuge no Kiyoto. Biographie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • DOKYO — D 牢KY 牢 (mort en 772) Il semble que D 拏ky 拏 ait appartenu à une famille de très petits fonctionnaires, peut être descendants de Mononobe no Moriya. Né sans doute au début du VIIIe siècle, il se fait moine, mène une vie d’ascète mais étudie aussi… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dokyo — (d.722)    A Buddhist monk of the mid Nara period, notorious in Shinto history for having almost usurped the imperial throne by winning the confidence of the empress Koken (Empress Shotoku). He proclaimed himself dajo daijin zenshi (prime… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Monica Esposito — Dr Monica Esposito, August 7, 1962 (Genova) March 10, 2011 (Kyoto) Monica Esposito (August 7, 1962 March 10, 2011) was one of the world s foremost scholars of Chinese religion specialized in the history, texts, and practices of Daoism (15th to… …   Wikipedia

  • Monica Esposito — (* 7. August 1962 in Genova, Italien; † 10. März 2011 in Kyoto, Japan) war eine italienische Taoismus Forscherin. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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