Doi Takako


Doi Takako

▪ Japanese politician
born November 30, 1928, Kōbe, Japan

      Japanese politician, educator, and head (1986–91) of the Japan Socialist Party (JSP; in 1991–96 called the Social Democratic Party of Japan [SDPJ], later simplified to Social Democratic Party). She was the first woman ever to head a political party in Japan.

      Doi attended Dōshisha University in Kyōto, and after her graduation she taught constitutional law there. She was elected to the House of Representatives (lower house of the Diet [parliament]) in 1969. After the JSP, the second largest party in Japan's multiparty system, suffered a major defeat in the general elections of 1986, Doi was asked to lead the party. From the outset of her leadership she attempted to bring the party more into the mainstream on such divisive issues as national defense and nuclear power.

      Doi contributed to the growth in political power of Japanese women. Although she had done little to identify with feminist issues at the outset, she helped channel the dissatisfaction of women angered by the money politics and scandals of the ruling Liberal-Democratic Party (LDP). Following her “madonna strategy,” a number of women candidates succeeded in winning office in the summer elections of 1989, and for the first time in three decades the LDP lost its majority of upper-house seats to the JSP under Doi's leadership.

      Subsequent electoral reverses by her party, however, led her to resign as party leader in June 1991, although she retained her lower-house seat. In 1993, after the LDP had lost its majority in the lower house and the SDPJ had joined in a coalition government, Doi became the first woman speaker of the House of Representatives. She held that post until 1996, when she became the party's chair under its new name, the Social Democratic Party.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Doi Takako — Takako Doi im Unterhauswahlkampf 2005 Takako Doi (jap. 土井 たか子, Doi Takako, eigentlich 土井 多賀子; * 30. November 1928 in Kōbe) ist eine ehemalige japanische Abgeordnete und Oppositionsführerin. Doi studierte Rechtswissenschaften an de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Takako Doi — Chair of the Japan Socialist Party In office 1986–1991 Preceded by Masashi Ishibashi Succeeded by …   Wikipedia

  • Takako Doi — im Unterhauswahlkampf 2005 Takako Doi (jap. 土井 たか子, Doi Takako, eigentlich 土井 多賀子; * 30. November 1928 in Kōbe) ist eine ehemalige japanische Abgeordnete und Oppositionsführerin. Doi studierte Rechtswissenschaften an der Dōshisha Univers …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Doi — steht für: Dancing on Ice Digital Object Identifier, ein System zur Identifikation digitaler Objekte Deutsches Olympisches Institut Deutsches Orient Institut, siehe NUMOV, ein Handelsverband Differential Orbit Improvement, ein Forschungsprogramm… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Takako Doi — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor pr …   Wikipedia Español

  • DOI — steht für: Dancing on Ice Digital Object Identifier, ein System zur Identifikation digitaler Objekte Deutsches Olympisches Institut Deutsches Orient Institut, siehe NUMOV, ein Handelsverband Differential Orbit Improvement, ein Forschungsprogramm… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Doi — is a Japanese surname which can refer to:* Isami Doi (1903–1965), an American artist * Takako Doi, a Japanese female politician * Takero Doi, a Japanese economist. * Naruki Doi, a Japanese professional wrestler * Yoichi Doi, a Japanese football… …   Wikipedia

  • Doi (surname) — Do i Family name Pronunciation Doi Region of origin Japan Language(s) of origin Japanese Doi (土井、土居、土肥 …   Wikipedia

  • japan — japanner, n. /jeuh pan /, n., adj., v., japanned, japanning. n. 1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other surfaces. 2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner. 3. Japans,… …   Universalium

  • Japan — /jeuh pan /, n. 1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 125,716,637; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon. 2. Sea of, the… …   Universalium


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