Dewey, Melvil


Dewey, Melvil

▪ American librarian
born Dec. 10, 1851, Adams Center, N.Y., U.S.
died Dec. 26, 1931, Lake Placid, Fla.

      American librarian who devised the Dewey Decimal Classification for library cataloging and, probably more than any other individual, was responsible for the development of library science in the United States.

      Dewey graduated in 1874 from Amherst College and became acting librarian at that institution. In 1876 he published A Classification and Subject Index for Cataloguing and Arranging the Books and Pamphlets of a Library, in which he outlined what became known as the Dewey Decimal Classification. This system was gradually adopted by libraries throughout the English-speaking world. In 1877 Dewey moved to Boston, where, with R.R. Bowker and Frederick Leypoldt, he founded and edited the Library Journal. He was also one of the founders of the American Library Association. In 1883 he became librarian of Columbia College, New York City, and there set up the School of Library Economy, the first institution for training librarians in the United States. The school was moved to Albany, N.Y., as the State Library School under his direction.

      From 1889 to 1906 he was director of the New York State Library. He also served as secretary of the State University of New York (1889–1900) and as state director of libraries (1904–06). He completely reorganized the New York state library, making it one of the most efficient in the United States, and established the system of traveling libraries and picture collections.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dewey,Melvil — Dewey, Melvil. 1851 1931. American librarian and founder of the decimal system of classification (1876). * * * …   Universalium

  • Dewey, Melvil — ► (1851 1931) Bibliotecario estadounidense. Inventó la clasificación bibliográfica decimal …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dewey, Melvil(le Louis Kossuth) — born Dec. 10, 1851, Adams Center, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 26, 1931, Lake Placid, Fla. U.S. librarian. He graduated from Amherst College in 1874, whereupon he became acting librarian there. In 1876 he published A Classification and Subject Index for… …   Universalium

  • Dewey, Melvil(le Louis Kossuth) — (10 dic. 1851, Adams Center, N.Y., EE.UU.–26 dic. 1931, Lake Placid, Fla.). Bibliotecólogo estadounidense. Se graduó en el Amherst College en 1874, después de lo cual se inició allí como bibliotecólogo. En 1876 publicó A Classification and… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Melvil Dewey — Born Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey December 10, 1851 (1851 12 10) Adams Center, New York …   Wikipedia

  • Melvil Dui — Melvil Dewey (* 10. Dezember 1851 als Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey in Adams Center, New York; † 26. Dezember 1931 in Lake Placid, New York) führte die nach ihm benannte Dewey Decimal Classification ein, ein System zur Klassifikation in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dewey — Dewey, John Dewey, Melvil * * * (as used in expressions) Cukor, George (Dewey) Davis, Miles (Dewey) Dewey, clasificación decimal de Dewey, George Dewey, John Dewey, Melvil(le Louis Kossuth) Dewey, Thomas E(dmund) Watson, James D(ewey) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Melvil Dewey — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dewey. Melvil Dewey (10 décembre 1851 à Adams Center, New York 26 décembre 1931 à Lake Placid, Floride) est un bibliothécaire américain. Il est l auteur du système de classement des livres qui …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dewey Decimal Classification — Die Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) ist die verbreiteteste Klassifikation für die inhaltliche Erschließung von Bibliotheksbeständen weltweit und wird hauptsächlich im anglo amerikanischen Sprachraum eingesetzt. In den USA benutzen sie ungefähr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melvil Dewey — (* 10. Dezember 1851 als Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey in Adams Center, New York; † 26. Dezember 1931 in Lake Placid, New York) führte die nach ihm benannte Dewey Decimal Classification ein, ein System zur Klassifikation in Bibliotheken. Als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia