Denikin, Anton Ivanovich


Denikin, Anton Ivanovich

▪ Russian general
born Dec. 16 [Dec. 4, Old Style], 1872, near Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire
died Aug. 8, 1947, Ann Arbor, Mich., U.S.

      general who led the anti-Bolshevik (“White”) forces on the southern front during the Russian Civil War (1918–20).

      A professional in the Imperial Russian Army, Denikin served in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–05) and in World War I (1914–16). After the February Revolution of 1917, which overthrew the Romanov dynasty, he became chief of staff to the provisional government's commander in chief, Mikhail V. Alekseyev, but was quickly disillusioned by that government's inability to maintain discipline in the army. He was dismissed from his post in July for political reasons.

      Placed in command of the western front, Denikin came into close contact with General Lavr G. Kornilov (Kornilov, Lavr Georgiyevich), then the Russian supreme military commander, and in August 1917 the two were arrested for conspiring to overthrow the provisional government and establish a military dictatorship. A month after the Bolsheviks' October (Old Style) coup d'état, however, they escaped from prison and fled southward to the Don River region, where Kornilov assumed command of the White Army recently formed by Alekseyev. Kornilov was killed in April 1918, and Denikin became commander of the White forces in southern Russia. By the beginning of 1919 he controlled the northern Caucasus; in May he launched a major offensive, advancing through Ukraine toward Moscow. In October, however, the Red Army defeated him at Oryol (250 miles [402 km] from Moscow) and forced him to retreat with his disintegrating army to Novorossiysk; the remainder of his army was then evacuated to the Crimea (March 1920). In April Denikin turned over his command to General Pyotr N. Wrangel and settled in France, where he wrote his memoirs, Ocherki russkoy smuty, 5 vol. (1923–27; “History of the Civil Strife in Russia”). He immigrated to the United States in 1945.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DENIKIN, ANTON IVANOVICH° — (1872–1947), one of the generals and organizers of the White Army in the Russian civil war of 1918–21. His name is associated with the savage pogroms perpetrated against the Jews by his officers and soldiers in Russia and the ukraine during these …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Denikin, Anton (Ivanovich) — born Dec. 16, 1872, near Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire died Aug. 8, 1947, Ann Arbor, Mich., U.S. Russian general. A professional in the imperial Russian army, he was a lieutenant general in World War I. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he and …   Universalium

  • Denikin, Antón (Ivánovich) — (16 dic. 1872, cerca de Varsovia, Polonia, Imperio ruso–8 ago. 1947, Ann Arbor, Mich., EE.UU.). General ruso. Militar de carrera en el ejército imperial ruso, fue teniente general en la primera guerra mundial. Después de la Revolución rusa de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Anton Ivanovich Denikin — Anton Iwanowitsch Denikin Anton Iwanowitsch Denikin (russisch Антон Иванович Деникин; * 4. Dezemberjul./ 16. Dezember 1872greg. in Szpetal dolny, einem Vorort von Włocławek (Leslau, Polen); † 18. August 1947 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anton Ivanovich Denikin — Infobox Person name = Anton Ivanovich Denikin image size = 200px caption = Anton Denikin in 1918 birth date = birth date|1872|12|16|mf=y birth place = Włocławek death date = death date and age|1947|08|08|1872|12|16|mf=y death place = Ann Arbor,… …   Wikipedia

  • Anton Ivanovich Denikin — Anton Ivanovitch Dénikine Anton Ivanovitch Dénikine Naissance 16 décembre 1872 Włocławek, Pologne Décès 7  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anton Denikin — Anton Ivanovich Denikin Anton Denikin in 1918 Born December 16, 1872(1872 12 16) Włocławek, Warsaw Governorate, Privislinsky Krai …   Wikipedia

  • Antón Denikin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Antón Denikin …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antón — Antón. □ V. cochinilla de San Antón, cochinito de San Antón, fuego de San Antón, gusano de San Antón, mal de San Antón, vaca de San Antón. * * * (as used in expressions) Chéjov, Antón (Pávlovich) Denikin, Antón (Ivánovich) Pevsner, Antón… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ivanovich — (as used in expressions) Alferov Zhores Ivanovich Bukharin Nikolay Ivanovich Chaliapin Feodor Ivanovich Chuikov Vasily Ivanovich Denikin Anton Ivanovich Fyodor Ivanovich Glinka Mikhail Ivanovich Guchkov Aleksandr Ivanovich Herzen Aleksandr… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.