Dempsey, Miles Christopher


Dempsey, Miles Christopher

▪ British general
born December 15, 1896, New Brighton, Cheshire, England
died June 5, 1969, Yattendon, Berkshire
 British army officer who commanded the Second Army, the main British force in the Allied drive across western Europe (1944–45) during World War II.

      Dempsey was commissioned in the British Army in 1915 and fought in France during World War I. He was a lieutenant colonel when World War II began in 1939, and he commanded an infantry brigade in France that helped to cover the British rear guard during the evacuation from Dunkirk (World War II) in May–June 1940. Promoted to lieutenant general, Dempsey in November 1942 took command of the XIII Corps of the Eighth Army in North Africa under General Bernard Montgomery (Montgomery, Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount). Dempsey's corps formed the right wing of Montgomery's forces in the invasion of Sicily in July 1943, and that September it spearheaded the invasion of the “toe” of the Italian peninsula across the Strait of Messina. Dempsey led the XIII Corps 300 miles (480 km) northward along Italy's west coast in 17 days to link up with Lieutenant General Mark Clark (Clark, Mark)'s American forces at Salerno.

      Montgomery picked the quietly competent and methodical Dempsey to command the Second Army, which contained several Canadian and Polish units as well as British forces, in the invasion of Normandy (Normandy Invasion) in June 1944. The Second Army landed successfully on Gold (Gold Beach), Juno (Juno Beach), and Sword (Sword Beach) beaches on June 6, drove inland to capture Caen on July 9, and then kept up pressure on the bulk of the German armoured forces while the U.S. First Army to the west broke out of Normandy on July 25. Dempsey led the Second Army in the Battles of Mortain and Falaise and then swept eastward across northern France and Belgium. After taking part in the failed British attempt to capture Arnhem in The Netherlands (September 1944), Dempsey led the Second Army across the Rhine River in late March 1945 and drove northeastward into Germany, capturing Bremen, Hamburg, and Kiel and reaching the Danish frontier by May 1945.

      With Germany's surrender, Dempsey served successively as commander in chief of Allied land forces in Southeast Asia (1945–46) and the Middle East (1946–47). He was knighted in 1944 and retired in 1947.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Miles Dempsey — General Miles Dempsey Miles Christopher Dempsey (* 15. Dezember 1896 in Wallasey, Cheshire; † 5. Juni 1969 in Yattendon, Berkshire) war ein britischer General und unter anderem Oberbefehlshaber der britischen 2. Armee im Zweiten Weltkrieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dempsey (disambiguation) — Dempsey is a surname. Dempsey may also refer to the following: Animals: Dempsey (dog) (1986–2003), an American pit bull terrier involved in British muzzling laws Jack Dempsey (fish), a North and Central American fish Culture: Dempsey Makepeace, a …   Wikipedia

  • Miles Dempsey — Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey General Sir Miles Dempsey Nickname Lucky or Bimbo …   Wikipedia

  • Miles Dempsey — Demande de traduction Miles Dempsey → Miles De …   Wikipédia en Français

  • World War II — the war between the Axis and the Allies, beginning on September 1, 1939, with the German invasion of Poland and ending with the surrender of Germany on May 8, 1945, and of Japan on August 14, 1945. Abbr.: WWII * * * or Second World War (1939–45)… …   Universalium

  • Sword Beach — ▪ World War II Introduction       the easternmost beach of the five landing areas of the Normandy Invasion of World War II. It was assaulted on June 6, 1944 (D Day of the invasion), by units of the British 3rd Division, with French and British… …   Universalium

  • Gold Beach — ▪ World War II       the centre beach of the five designated landing areas of the Normandy Invasion of World War II. It was assaulted and taken from defending German troops on June 6, 1944 (D Day of the invasion), by units of the British 50th… …   Universalium

  • Juno Beach — ▪ World War II       The second beach from the east among the five landing areas of the Normandy Invasion of World War II. It was assaulted on June 6, 1944 (D Day of the invasion), by units of the Canadian 3rd Infantry Division, who took heavy… …   Universalium

  • Normandy Invasion — ▪ European United States history Introduction also called  Operation Overlord    during World War II, the Allied invasion of western Europe, which was launched on June 6, 1944 (the most celebrated D Day of the war), with the simultaneous landing… …   Universalium

  • Crerar, Henry Duncan Graham — ▪ Canadian general born April 28, 1888, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada died April 1, 1965, Ottawa, Ontario  Canadian army officer who was that country s leading field commander in World War II.       Crerar graduated from the Royal Military College… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.