Della Robbia, Luca


Della Robbia, Luca

▪ Florentine sculptor
in full  Luca Di Simone Di Marco Della Robbia  
born 1399/1400, Florence [Italy]
died Feb. 10, 1482

      sculptor, one of the pioneers of Florentine Renaissance style, who was the founder of a family studio primarily associated with the production of works in enameled terra-cotta.

      Before developing the process with which his family name came to be associated, Luca apparently practiced his art solely in marble. In 1431 he began what is probably his most important work, the cantoria, or “singing gallery,” that was originally over the door of the northern sacristy of the Cathedral of Florence. Taken down in 1688 and reassembled in the Opera del Duomo Museum, it consists of 10 figurated reliefs: two groups of singing boys; trumpeters; choral dancers; and children playing on various musical instruments. The panels owe their great popularity to the innocence and lack of artifice with which the children are portrayed. The most important of Luca's other works in marble are a tabernacle at Peretola, near Florence (carved for Santa Maria Nuova in Florence in 1441), and the tomb of Benozzo Federighi, bishop of Fiesole (1454–57; Santa Trinita, Florence).

      The earliest documented work in polychrome enameled terra-cotta, executed wholly in that medium, is a lunette of the Resurrection over the door of the northern sacristy of the cathedral (1442–45). According to the art historian Giorgio Vasari, the glaze with which Luca covered his terra-cotta sculptures consisted of a mixture of tin, litharge antimony, and other minerals. The Resurrection lunette in the cathedral was followed by a corresponding relief of the Ascension over the southern sacristy door, in which a wider range of colour is employed.

      Of the many decorative schemes for which enameled terra-cotta was employed by Luca Della Robbia, some of the most important are the roundels of Apostles in Filippo Brunelleschi's Pazzi Chapel in Florence (soon after 1443); the roof of Michelozzo's Chapel of the Crucifix in San Miniato al Monte, Florence (c. 1448); and a lunette over the entrance of San Domenico at Urbino (c. 1449). Luca's last major work in this medium is an altarpiece in the Palazzo Vescovile at Pescio (after 1472). There are also many notable works by Luca outside Italy.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • della Robbia,Luca — del·la Rob·bia (dĕlʹə rōʹbē ə, dĕlʹlä rōbʹbyä), Luca. 1400? 1482. Italian sculptor noted for his works of enameled terra cotta, for which he perfected a special glazing made of tin, antimony, and other substances. His nephew Andrea (1435 1525)… …   Universalium

  • Della Robbia, Luca — (1400 1482)    Florentine sculptor. Though generally associated with the early Renaissance style, he still manifested the influence of the late Gothic sculptor Nanni di Banco (ca. 1381 1421), who may have been his teacher. His most famous work is …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Luca Della Robbia — Panneau de la cantoria du Dôme de Florence, musée de l Œuvre du Dôme Luca della Robbia (Luca di Simone di Marco della Robbia), est un sculpteur et un céramiste italien, né à Florence en 1400 et mort en 1481, oncle du céramiste Andrea della Robbia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luca della robbia — Panneau de la cantoria du Dôme de Florence, musée de l Œuvre du Dôme Luca della Robbia (Luca di Simone di Marco della Robbia), est un sculpteur et un céramiste italien, né à Florence en 1400 et mort en 1481, oncle du céramiste Andrea della Robbia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Della Robbia (famille) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Della Robbia (homonymie).  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes personnes partageant un même patronyme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luca della Robbia — Luca Della Robbia, escultor y ceramista italiano. Nació en Florencia en 1400 y murió en 1482. Virgen, niño y tres querubines, por Andrea Della Robbia. Terracota esmaltada, parte de la colección Campana. Según Giorgio Vasari, Luca nació en el año… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Della Robbia — ist eine florentinische Bildhauerfamilie des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts. Sie wurde berühmt durch ihre glasierten Ton Reliefs. Vertreter der Familie Andrea Della Robbia (1435–1525), Neffe des Luca Della Robbia Francesco Iacopo Della Robbia (1477– ) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Della Robbia — (Luca) (v. 1400 1482) sculpteur et céramiste florentin, le premier à travailler sur de la terre cuite à décor polychrome émaillé, fondateur d une dynastie comprenant …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Luca della Robbia — Panneau de la cantoria du Dôme de Florence, musée de l Œuvre du Dôme Luca della Robbia (Luca di Simone di Marco della Robbia), est un sculpteur et un céramiste italien, né à Florence en 1400 et mort en 1481, oncle du céramiste Andrea della Robbia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • della Robbia, Andrea — ▪ Florentine sculptor in full  Andrea di Marco di Simone della Robbia   born Oct. 20, 1435, Florence [Italy] died Aug. 4, 1525       Florentine sculptor who was the nephew of Luca della Robbia (Della Robbia, Luca) and assumed control of the… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.