Das, Chitta Ranjan


Das, Chitta Ranjan

▪ Indian political leader
born , Nov. 5, 1870, Calcutta [now Kolkata], India
died June 16, 1925, Darjeeling [now Darjiling]
 politician and leader of the Swaraj (Independence) Party in Bengal under British rule.

      After failing the competitive entrance examination for the British-dominated Indian Civil Service, Das entered the legal profession. He defended many accused of political offenses and took an active part in nationalistic journalism.

      Bitterly opposing British rule in India and rejecting all ideas of political or economic development of India along Western lines, he idealized the life of the ancient Indian village and saw a golden age in ancient Indian history. He supported the Noncooperation Movement launched against British rule by Mahatma Gandhi (Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand) and in 1921 was imprisoned for six months as a political offender. In 1922 he became president of the Indian National Congress. Under his leadership the Congress abandoned its intentions to boycott colonially sponsored elections for provincial councils. It decided instead to participate in order to seek positions that would permit them to obstruct governmental business from within.

      Later, when the Swarajists were returned as the largest party in Bengal, Das declined the post of chief minister, stating that his aim was to wreck the existing government, not to cooperate with it. In 1924 he was elected mayor of Calcutta (now Kolkata (Calcutta)) and tried to improve the lot of the city's neglected Indian population. In 1925 there were some signs of a possible compromise between Das and Lord Birkenhead (Birkenhead, Frederick Edwin Smith, 1st Earl of, Viscount Furneaux Of Charlton, Viscount Birkenhead Of Birkenhead, Baron Birkenhead Of Birkenhead), the secretary of state for India, but Das died before any agreement could be reached.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chitta Ranjan Das — (দেশবন্ধু চিত্তরঞ্জন দাস) Chittaranjan Das (C.R.Das) (Bengalî: চিত্তরঞ্জন দাস), surnommé Deshbandhu, cammarade de la nation, né le 5 novembre 1870 mort le 16 juin 1925, était un avocat du Bengale et une personnalité importante du mouvement d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • Bose, Subhas Chandra — born Jan. 23, 1897, Cuttack, Orissa, India died Aug. 18, 1945, Taipei, Taiwan? Indian revolutionary. Preparing in Britain for a career in the Indian civil service, he resigned his candidacy on hearing of nationalist turmoil back home. Sent by… …   Universalium

  • Bangladesh — /bahng gleuh desh , bang /, n. republic in S Asia, N of the Bay of Bengal: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations; a former province of Pakistan. 125,340,261; 54,501 sq. mi. (141,158 sq. km). Cap.: Dhaka. Formerly, East Pakistan. * * *… …   Universalium

  • Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand — ▪ Indian leader Introduction byname  Mahatma (“Great Souled”) Gandhi  born Oct. 2, 1869, Porbandar, India died Jan. 30, 1948, Delhi  leader of the Indian nationalist movement against British rule, considered to be the father of his country. He is …   Universalium

  • Orissa State Film Awards — Awarded for Excellence in cinematic achievements Presented by Department of Culture, Govt. of Orissa Country  Indi …   Wikipedia

  • List of Oriya films — List of films produced in Oriya cinema in the Oriya language. Contents 1 1936 1960 2 1960 in film 3 1962 in film 4 1963 in film …   Wikipedia

  • Ollywood films of the 2000s — Ollywood (Oriya) cinema Top grossing 1930s 1936 1940s 1949 1950s 1950 …   Wikipedia

  • Hinduism in Bangladesh — Hinduism is the second largest religious affiliation in Bangladesh, covering 9.2% of the population. According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics [ [http://www.banbeis.gov.bd/bd pro.htm] BANBEIS Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information… …   Wikipedia

  • Ollywood films of 2007 — Ollywood (Oriya) cinema Top grossing 1930s 1936 1940s 1949 1950s 1950 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.