Darrow, Clarence

Darrow, Clarence

▪ American lawyer

born April 18, 1857, near Kinsman, Ohio, U.S.
died March 13, 1938, Chicago
 lawyer whose work as defense counsel in many dramatic criminal trials earned him a place in American legal history. He was also well-known as a public speaker, debater, and miscellaneous writer.

      Darrow attended law school for only one year before being admitted to the Ohio bar in 1878. He moved to Chicago in 1887 and immediately took part in attempts to free the anarchists charged with murder in the Haymarket Riot (May 4, 1886). Through his friendship with Judge John Peter Altgeld, afterward governor of Illinois, Darrow was appointed Chicago city corporation counsel in 1890, and then he became general attorney for the Chicago and North Western Railway. He left the North Western to defend Eugene V. Debs (Debs, Eugene V.), president of the American Railway Union, and other union leaders arrested on a federal charge of contempt of court arising from the Pullman Strike (May–July 1894). Although Debs and his associates were convicted and the decision was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court, Darrow established a national reputation as a labour and criminal lawyer. In arbitration hearings during the Pennsylvania anthracite coal strike (1902–03), Darrow represented the striking miners and in cross-examination illumined not only the arduous working conditions in the mines but also the degree to which child labour was used. Subsequently (1907), he secured the acquittal of the labour leader William D. (“Big Bill”) Haywood (Haywood, William D) for the assassination of the former governor Frank R. Steunenberg of Idaho. He abandoned labour litigation after the McNamara brothers, two labour leaders whom he defended against charges of dynamiting the Los Angeles Times building, unexpectedly switched their plea to guilty during the course of their trial (1911).

      After World War I, Darrow defended several war protesters charged with violating state sedition laws. He saved (1924) Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold from a death sentence (though not from imprisonment) for the murder of 14-year-old Robert Franks in Chicago. In the famous trial of John T. Scopes (Scopes Trial) at Dayton, Tenn. (July 10–21, 1925), Darrow defended a high-school teacher who had broken a state law by presenting the Darwinian theory of evolution. In the Sweet case (1925–26), he won acquittal for a black family that had fought against a mob trying to expel it from its residence in a white neighbourhood in Detroit.

      At various times Darrow was a law partner of Altgeld and of the poet Edgar Lee Masters. His courtroom pleas were filled with allusions based on his wide reading. In his speeches and writings he advocated the closed shop and unrestricted freedom of expression and opposed capital punishment, Prohibition, protective tariffs, and the League of Nations. Among his books are An Eye for an Eye (1905; a novel), Crime: Its Cause and Treatment (1922), The Prohibition Mania (1927; with Victor S. Yarros), and The Story of My Life (1932).

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Darrow, Clarence (Seward) — born April 18, 1857, near Kinsman, Ohio, U.S. died March 13, 1938, Chicago, Ill. U.S. lawyer and orator. He attended law school for only one year before being admitted to the Ohio bar in 1878. Darrow moved to Chicago in 1887 and immediately… …   Universalium

  • Darrow, Clarence (Seward) — (18 abr. 1857, Kinsman, Ohio, EE.UU.–13 mar. 1938, Chicago, Ill.). Abogado y orador estadounidense. Asistió a la escuela de derecho sólo por un año antes de ser admitido a la asociación de abogados de Ohio en 1878. Darrow se trasladó a Chicago en …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Darrow,Clarence Seward — Dar·row (dărʹō), Clarence Seward. 1857 1938. American lawyer known for his highly publicized defense of so called lost causes, such as the Leopold Loeb murder case (1924) and the Scopes evolution trial (1925). * * * …   Universalium

  • Clarence Darrow — Clarence Seward Darrow ca. 1922 Born April 18, 1857(1857 04 18) Kinsman Township, Trumbull County, Ohio Died …   Wikipedia

  • Clarence Darrow — Clarence Seward Darrow (Kinsman, Ohio, 18 de abril de 1857 – Chicago, Illinois, 13 de marzo de 1938) fue un abogado estadounidense y directivo de la Unión Estadounidense por las Libertades Civiles. Clarence Darrow …   Wikipedia Español

  • Clarence Darrow — noun United States lawyer famous for his defense of lost causes (1857 1938) • Syn: ↑Darrow, ↑Clarence Seward Darrow • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lawyer, ↑attorney * * * Clarence Darrow …   Useful english dictionary

  • Clarence Darrow — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Darrow. Clarence Darrow 1922 Clarence Seward Darrow (8 avril 1857 à Kinsman (Ohio …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clarence Seward Darrow — noun United States lawyer famous for his defense of lost causes (1857 1938) • Syn: ↑Darrow, ↑Clarence Darrow • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lawyer, ↑attorney …   Useful english dictionary

  • Darrow — noun United States lawyer famous for his defense of lost causes (1857 1938) • Syn: ↑Clarence Darrow, ↑Clarence Seward Darrow • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lawyer, ↑attorney …   Useful english dictionary

  • clarence — /klar euhns/, n. a closed, four wheeled carriage, usually with a glass front, with seats inside for four persons. [1830 40; named after Duke of Clarence (1765 1837), later William IV] * * * (as used in expressions) Birdseye Clarence Darrow… …   Universalium


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