Daley, Richard M.


Daley, Richard M.

▪ American politician and lawyer
in full  Richard Michael Daley 
born April 24, 1942, Chicago, Ill., U.S.
 
 American lawyer and politician, who became mayor of Chicago in 1989 and who played a major role in transforming it into a dynamic international city.

      Richard M. Daley is the first son of Richard J. Daley (Daley, Richard J), mayor of Chicago from 1955 to 1976 and considered “the last of the big city bosses.” The younger Daley graduated from DePaul University in 1964 and earned a law degree there in 1968. He was elected as a Democrat (Democratic Party) to the Illinois Senate in 1972 and served there until 1980. That year he became the state's attorney of Cook county. In the 1983 Chicago mayoral race, Daley unsuccessfully ran against incumbent Jane Byrne and Harold Washington (Washington, Harold) for the Democratic nomination; Washington won and went on to become the city's first African American mayor. The following year Daley was reelected state's attorney. After Washington died in office in 1987, Daley won a special mayoral election in 1989 and easily won subsequent elections.

      From the beginning, Daley sought to create the image of a professionally run, well-managed city. He worked to make Chicago business-friendly and oversaw a development boom as the city became a major destination for professionals. Daley won praise for focusing on quality-of-life issues, from revitalizing Chicago's lakefront—highlighted by the 2004 opening of Millennium Park, which features gardens, sculptures, and an outdoor concert venue designed by Frank Gehry (Gehry, Frank O.)—to planting thousands of trees throughout the city.

      Yet criticism and controversy also surrounded Daley. As the city gentrified, some complained that the benefits of development had not spread to all parts of the city equally. In 1995 Daley seized control of the Chicago public schools in an effort to increase graduation rates and reading levels, but success was mixed. In 2005, the same year that Time magazine listed him as one of the country's five best big-city mayors, a scandal erupted over the city's hiring practices. A number of city employees were indicted and later convicted for taking bribes and promoting less-qualified, politically connected applicants over others. Although Daley was questioned as part of the federal investigation, he was not charged, and he denied any involvement in the illegal activities.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Daley, Richard J — ▪ American politician and lawyer born May 15, 1902, Chicago, Illinois, U.S. died December 20, 1976, Chicago       mayor of Chicago from 1955 until his death; he was reelected every fourth year through 1975. Daley was called “the last of the big… …   Universalium

  • Daley, Richard J(oseph) — born May 15, 1902, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Dec. 20, 1976, Chicago U.S. politician, mayor of Chicago (1955–76). A lawyer in his native Chicago, Daley served as state director of revenue (1948–50) and clerk of Cook county (1950–55) before being… …   Universalium

  • Daley,Richard Joseph — Da·ley (dāʹlē), Richard Joseph. 1902 1976. American politician who dominated Chicago politics during his years as mayor (1955 1976). Known as one of the last old time big city bosses, Daley was also an important figure in the national Democratic… …   Universalium

  • Daley, Richard J(oseph) — (15 may. 1902, Chicago, Ill., EE.UU.–20 dic. 1976, Chicago). Político estadounidense, alcalde de Chicago (1955–76). Abogado en su Chicago natal, ocupó los cargos de director estadual de impuestos internos (1948–50) y actuario del condado de Cook… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Richard Michael Daley — Richard M. Daley Pour les articles homonymes, voir Daley. Richard Michael Daley Maire de Chicago depuis 1989. Richard Michael Daley (né le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard Michael Daley — Richard M. Daley Richard Michael Daley (* 24. April 1942 in Chicago) ist seit 1989 der Bürgermeister von Chicago. Er ist das vierte Kind und der älteste Sohn des ehemaligen Bürgermeisters von Chicago, Richard J. Daley, und wuchs im südwestlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard J. Daley — Richard Daley Pour les articles homonymes, voir Daley. Richard Joseph Daley Richard Joseph Daley, (né le 15 mai 1902 et mort le 20  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard Joseph Daley — Richard Daley Pour les articles homonymes, voir Daley. Richard Joseph Daley Richard Joseph Daley, (né le 15 mai 1902 et mort le 20  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard Daley — may refer to: Richard J. Daley (1902–1976), Mayor of Chicago (1955–1976), father of Richard M. Daley Richard M. Daley (born 1942), Mayor of Chicago (1989–2011), son of Richard J. Daley See also Richard Dalley, American figure skater This… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard J Daley — [Richard J Daley] (Richard Joseph Daley 1902–76) the mayor of ↑Chicago from 1955 to 1976, well known for his strong methods. In 1968 he ordered the Chicago police to attack a group of ↑demonstrators (= people taking part in a public protest) …   Useful english dictionary