Daguerre, Louis-Jacques-Mandé


Daguerre, Louis-Jacques-Mandé

▪ French painter and physicist
born Nov. 18, 1787, Cormeilles, near Paris, France
died July 10, 1851, Bry-sur-Marne
 French painter and physicist who invented the first practical process of photography (photography, history of), known as the daguerreotype. Though the first permanent photograph from nature was made in 1826/27 by Nicéphore Niépce (Niépce, Nicéphore) of France, it was of poor quality and required about eight hours' exposure time. The process that Daguerre developed required only 20 to 30 minutes.

      Daguerre was at first an inland revenue officer and then a scene painter for the opera. In 1822 at Paris he opened the Diorama, an exhibition of pictorial views, with various effects induced by changes in the lighting. A similar establishment that he opened in Regent's Park, London, was destroyed by fire in 1839. Niépce, who since 1814 had been attempting to obtain permanent pictures by the action of sunlight, learned in 1826 of Daguerre's efforts in the same field. The two became partners in the development of Niépce's heliographic process from 1829 until the death of Niépce in 1833. Daguerre continued his experiments, and it was he who discovered that exposing an iodized silver plate in a camera would result in a lasting image if the latent image on the plate was developed by exposure to fumes of mercury and then fixed (made permanent) by a solution of common salt. On Jan. 9, 1839, a full description of his daguerreotype process was announced at a meeting of the Academy of Sciences by the eminent astronomer and physicist François Arago (Arago, François). Daguerre was appointed an officer of the Legion of Honour. In 1839 Daguerre and the heir of Niépce were assigned annuities of 6,000 francs and 4,000 francs, respectively, in return for their photographic process.

Additional Reading
Helmut Gernsheim and Alison Gernsheim, L.J.M. Daguerre: The History of the Diorama and the Daguerreotype (1968; rev. ed., with a new preface by the authors, of L.J.M. Daguerre (1787–1851), The World's First Photographer, 1956).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Daguerre, Louis Jacques Mandé — Da·guerre (də gârʹ, dä gĕrʹ), Louis Jacques Mandé. 1789 1851. French artist and inventor of the daguerreotype process for obtaining positive photographic prints. * * * …   Universalium

  • Daguerre, Louis (-Jacques-Mandé) — (18 nov. 1787, Cormeilles, Francia–10 jul. 1851, Bry sur Marne). Inventor francés. Inicialmente un pintor de decorados para la ópera, inauguró en 1822 el Diorama, una exhibición de vistas con efectos inducidos por cambios en la iluminación. En… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Daguerre , Louis-Jacques-Mandé — (1789–1851) French physicist, inventor, and painter Born in Cormeilles near Paris, France, Daguerre, the inventor of the daguerreotype (the first practical photograph), first became interested in the effect of light on films from the artistic… …   Scientists

  • Daguerre, Louis (-Jacques-Mandé) — born Nov. 18, 1787, Cormeilles, Fr. died July 10, 1851, Bry sur Marne French inventor. Initially a scene painter for the opera, in 1822 he opened the Diorama, an exhibition of views with effects induced by changes in lighting. In 1826 Nicéphore… …   Universalium

  • Daguerre, Louis Jacques Mandé — (18.11.1787 10.7.1851) Französischer Maler und Bühnenbildner. Schloß sich 1829 Niepce bei der Entwicklung eines fotografischen Verfahrens an, und entwickelte dies nach Niepces Tod 1833 zur Marktreife. 1839 präsentierte er das Daguerreotypie… …   Das Lexikon aus „Bernie's Foto-Programm"

  • Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre — Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre, 1844, Aufnahme von Jean Baptiste Sabatier Blot Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre [da ge:r]; (* 18. November 1787 in Cormeilles en Parisis; † 10. Juli 1851 in Bry sur Marne) war ein französischer Maler und Erfinder des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre — Louis Daguerre Pour les articles homonymes, voir Daguerre. Louis Daguerre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre — noun French inventor of the first practical photographic process, the daguerreotype (1789 1851) • Syn: ↑Daguerre • Instance Hypernyms: ↑inventor, ↑discoverer, ↑artificer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre — (18.11.1787 10.7.1851) Französischer Maler und Bühnenbildner. Schloß sich 1829 Niepce bei der Entwicklung eines fotografischen Verfahrens an, und entwickelte dies nach Niepces Tod 1833 zur Marktreife. 1839 präsentierte er das Daguerreotypie… …   Das Lexikon aus „Bernie's Foto-Programm"

  • Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre — n. (1789 1851) French painter and physicist, inventor of the daguerreotype …   English contemporary dictionary


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