Daendels, Herman Willem


Daendels, Herman Willem

▪ governor general of Dutch East Indies
born , Oct. 21, 1762, Hattem, Gelderland, Neth.
died May 2, 1818, Elmina, Gold Coast [now Ghana]

      soldier who fought with distinction in the army of the Batavian Republic (the Dutch Republic established by Revolutionary France) and later ably administered Dutch East Indian possessions.

      Daendels was a lawyer in his native town; he led the Patriot Movement there against William V of Orange, stadtholder of the United Provinces (Netherlands). In 1787 he helped defend Amsterdam against King Frederick William II of Prussia, who had intervened on behalf of the Orangists. Exiled in France after the defeat of the Patriots, he joined the French Revolutionary army and, in 1793, took part in the French invasion of Holland.

      At the beginning of the Batavian Republic period, Daendels twice helped to overthrow the government of the United Provinces by force (January and June 1798). In 1799 Daendels, who had attained the rank of lieutenant general, successfully commanded a Dutch army at Alkmaar, Neth., against an Anglo-Russian force that was attempting to detach the Netherlands from Revolutionary France.

      He was made governor-general of the Asian colonies and possessions in 1807 by Louis Bonaparte, then king of Holland. Daendels' administration ended the financial abuses of the former Dutch East India Company and built the main highway through Java. From 1815 he governed, on behalf of the new kingdom of The Netherlands, the Dutch possessions on the west coast of Africa.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DAENDELS, Herman Willem — (1762–1818)    Statesman and general. Daendels joined the party of the so called Patriots, which tried, in the 1780s, to reform the constitution of the Republic. After the Patriots’ failure and the restoration of the Orangist regents in 1787,… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Herman Willem Daendels — (Hattem, Gelderland, October 21, 1762 – St. George d Elmina (Dutch Gold Coast, now part of Ghana), May 2, 1818) was a Dutch politician who served as the 36th Governor General of the Dutch East Indies between 1808 and 1811 …   Wikipedia

  • Herman Willem Daendels — (* 21. Oktober 1762 in Hattem; † 2. Mai 1818 Goldküste, heutiges Ghana) war ein niederländischer General. Leben Daendels studierte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herman Willem Daendels — Naissance 21 octobre 1762 Hattem Décès 2 mai 1818 (à 55 ans) Saint Georges d Elmina Origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Daendels — Herman Willem Daendels (* 21. Oktober 1762 in Hattem; † 2. Mai 1818 Goldküste, heutiges Ghana) war ein niederländischer General. Leben Herman Willem Daendels Daendels studierte Rechtswissenschaften an der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Daendels — Herman Willem Daendels Herman Willem Daendels Naissance 21 octobre 1762 Hattem Décès 2 mai 1818 (à 55 ans) Saint Georges …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Willem Rooseboom — (* 9. März 1843 in Amsterdam; † 6. März 1920 in Den Haag) war ein einflussreicher niederländischer Militär, außerdem war er Generalgouverneur von Niederländisch Indien [1]. Er war Offizier bei den Pionieren, war bei dem Generalstab… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Daendels —   [ daːndəls], Herman Willem, niederländischer General, * Hattem (bei Zwolle) 21. 10. 1762, ✝ Elmina (Ghana) 2. 5. 1818; ursprünglich Advokat, trat in französischen Dienste und nahm als Offizier an den Revolutionskriegen teil. Seit 1794 stand er… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Daendels — (spr. dān ), Herman Willem, niederländ. General, geb. 21. Okt. 1762 zu Hattem im Geldernschen, gest. 2. Mai 1818, war Rechtsanwalt in seiner Vaterstadt, nahm als Anhänger der Patrioten 1787 an den Unruhen teil und mußte nach Dünkirchen fliehen.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hermann Wilhelm Daendels — Herman Willem Daendels (* 21. Oktober 1762 in Hattem; † 2. Mai 1818 Goldküste, heutiges Ghana) war ein niederländischer General. Leben Herman Willem Daendels Daendels studierte Rechtswissenschaften an der …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.