Cuza, Alexandru Ion


Cuza, Alexandru Ion

▪ prince of Romania
born March 20, 1820, Huşi, Moldavia [now in Romania]
died May 15, 1873, Heidelberg, Ger.

      first prince of united Romania, architect of national rural reform and peasant emancipation.

      The scion of an old boyar family, Cuza studied in Paris, Pavia, and Bologna, participated in revolutionary agitation against Russo-Turkish rule in his native Moldavia (1848), obtained the rank of colonel, and subsequently achieved prominence as a delegate to the Moldavian assembly (divan ad hoc) in 1857. Two years later, despite the Great Powers' determination that the Romanian principalities should enjoy separate autonomy, he was successively elected prince of Moldavia (January 1859) and of Walachia (February 1859), thus effecting a personal union that presaged the formal proclamation of Romanian unity in 1861. He attempted to rule in the plebiscitary manner of the French emperor Napoleon III and openly courted the peasantry as “the state's active force.” In 1863 he expropriated the vast lands owned by the monasteries of Moldavia and Walachia, and the following year he introduced a large-scale land-redistribution program (August 1864), which not only provided the peasants with ownership of their own plots but also emancipated them from all manorial services and tithes; the program, however, was only partly successful. In addition, the Prince, intending to provide universal free and obligatory educational services, built more schools at all levels and introduced a program to award scholarships to poor students. He also introduced reform in the electoral laws as well as the judicial system and revised the state structure through a new constitution, the Statut (1864), to enhance his own authority. Nevertheless, his policies provoked the opposition of both conservatives and radical liberals, as well as some middle-class elements; in 1866, political leaders, who had formed a conspiracy, forced Cuza to abdicate and go into exile.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ion Ghica — (August 12, 1816 mdash;May 7, 1897) was a Romanian revolutionary, mathematician, diplomat and twice Prime Minister of Romania (between 1866 and 1867, and between 1870 and 1871). He was a full member of the Romanian Academy and its president for… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexandru Ioan Cuza — Alexandre Jean Cuza Alexandru Ioan Ier 1er prince souverain de Roumanie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexandru Ioan Cuza University — Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza Established 1860 Type Public …   Wikipedia

  • Alexandru Averescu — El general Alexandru Averescu, hacia 1918. Primer ministro de Rumaní …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alexandru Vaida-Voevod — Primer ministro de Rumanía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ion Barbu — Ion Barbu. Ion Barbu es el seudónimo del matemático y poeta rumano Dan Barbilian, considerado uno de los mejores poetas rumanos del siglo XX. Su obra fue apreciada por los críticos desde su debut y Alexandru Ciorănescu (también conocido como… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ion Luca Caragiale — Ion Luc …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ion Moţa — Ion I. Moţa (July 5 1902, Orăştie, Transylvania mdash;January 13 1937, Majadahonda, Spain) was the Romanian ultra nationalist deputy leader of the Iron Guard killed in battle during the Spanish Civil War.BiographySon of the nationalist Orthodox… …   Wikipedia

  • Ion Emanuel Florescu — Ion Emanuel Florescu. Ion Emanuel Florescu, auch Johann Emmanuel Florescu, (* 1819 in Râmnicu Vâlcea; † 22. Mai 1893 in Bukarest) war ein rumänischer General und Politiker. Florescu absolvierte die Militärschule in Saint Cyr bei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexandru Candiano-Popescu — (January 27, 1841 mdash;June 25, 1901) was a Romanian army general, lawyer, journalist, and poet, best known for his role in the Republic of Ploieşti conspiracy. BiographyHe joined the military school in 1854, becoming an artillery Sub Lieutenant …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.