Cumberland Road


Cumberland Road

also called  National Road,  

      first federal highway in the United States and for several years the main route to what was then the Northwest Territory. Built (1811–37) from Cumberland, Md. (western terminus of a state road from Baltimore and of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal), to Vandalia, Ill., it forms part of the present U.S. Route 40. In April 1802 Congress appropriated land-sale funds to finance an overland link between the Atlantic Coast and the new state of Ohio. A macadam pavement was completed to Wheeling, Va. (now West Virginia), on the Ohio River, by 1818. From 1833 the various sections of the road became the financial responsibility of the states in which they were situated. Under this arrangement, the use of the Cumberland Road, intended to be free, was subject to state-imposed tolls.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cumberland Road — Камберлендская дорога. Первая в США дорога, построенная на федеральные средства (отсюда ее другое название Национальная дорога (National Road). Первый ее участок, от г. Камберленда в штате Мэриленд до Уилинга (Wheeling) на р. Огайо, штат Западная …   Словарь топонимов США

  • Cumberland (disambiguation) — Cumberland is one of the historic counties of England. Cumberland may also refer to: Contents 1 Places 2 Other geographical features 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Cumberland County Schools — (CCS) is a school district encompassing the entirety of Cumberland County, North Carolina, United States. Cumberland County Schools headquarters are located in Fayetteville, North Carolina. Cumberland County Schools has schools located in all… …   Wikipedia

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  • Cumberland — /kum beuhr leuhnd/, n. 1. a former county in NW England, now part of Cumbria. 2. a town in N Rhode Island. 27,069. 3. a city in NW Maryland, on the Potomac River. 25,933. 4. a river flowing W from SE Kentucky through N Tennessee into the Ohio… …   Universalium

  • Cumberland Narrows — ▪ gorge, United States       scenic gorge 1,000 feet (305 metres) deep in Allegany county, northwestern Maryland, U.S., just northwest of Cumberland city. Cut by Wills Creek, it provides a natural east west gateway, located between Wills and… …   Universalium

  • Cumberland County (Illinois) — Das Cumberland Courthouse in Toledo, gelistet im NRHP Nr. 81000220[1] Verwaltung US Bundes …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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