Craven, William Craven, Earl of


Craven, William Craven, Earl of

▪ English courtier
also called  (1627–65) Baron Craven  
born 1606
died April 9, 1697, London, Eng.
 English courtier known for his long association with the “winter queen” of Bohemia, the English princess Elizabeth (Elizabeth Stuart), who was the consort of Frederick V, the elector Palatine. A Royalist during the English Civil Wars, Craven provided considerable financial support for both Charles I and Charles II.

      The eldest son of Sir William Craven, lord mayor of London (1610), he was educated at Trinity College, Oxford, and at the Middle Temple. In 1632 he went to the European continent to fight for the dispossessed king of Bohemia, Frederick V, in the defense of the Rhenish Palatinate and there began his lifelong devotion to the beautiful Elizabeth, who had been sought in marriage by Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and Philip III of Spain. Taken prisoner by imperial forces in 1637, he ransomed himself and joined Elizabeth in her exiled court at The Hague. After the Restoration in England, Craven commanded the Coldstream Guards and was created Earl of Craven in 1665. (He had been named Baron Craven in 1627.) The queen of Bohemia, whose husband died in 1632, lived at his house in Drury Lane, London, until her death on Feb. 13, 1662.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Craven — may refer to:*William Craven (Lord Mayor of London) (before 1585 1618), founder of Burnsall school *William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (1608–1697), son of the Lord Mayor of London *William Craven, 2nd Baron Craven (1668 1711) *William Craven, 3rd …   Wikipedia

  • William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven — may refer to: *William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (1608 1697), 1st Baron Craven, created Earl in 1664 *William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (1770 1825), 7th Baron Craven, created Earl in 1801;See also *William Craven (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (1608–1697) — William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven, PC (June 1608 ndash; April 9 1697) was an English nobleman and soldier. His father William Craven was born in a poor family in Appletreewick in North Yorkshire but moved to London, became wealthy, and was Lord… …   Wikipedia

  • William Craven (Lord Mayor of London) — William Craven (before 1585 18 July 1618) was Lord Mayor of London in 1610 (some sources say also in 1618). He married Elizabeth Whitmore and they had five children: Elizabeth, Mary, William (Baron Craven of Hampstead Marshall, Berkshire and 1st… …   Wikipedia

  • William Craven, 2nd Baron Craven — (24 October 1668 ndash; 9 October 1711) was an English nobleman.He was born in the old house at Benham Park at Speen in Berkshire, the son of Sir William Craven, a grandson of a cousin of the 1st Earl and Baron. He was appointed Lord Lieutenant… …   Wikipedia

  • William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (1770-1825) — Major General William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (28 September 1770 ndash; 30 July 1825), was a British soldier.Craven was the eldest son of William Craven, 6th Baron Craven, and succeeded his father as seventh Baron Craven in 1791. He served in… …   Wikipedia

  • William Craven, 4th Earl of Craven — William George Robert Craven, 4th Earl of Craven OBE (16 December 1868 ndash; 10 July 1921), known as Viscount Uffington from 1868 to 1883, was a British peer and Liberal politician. Craven was the eldest son of the 3rd Earl of Craven and his… …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of Craven — Earl of Craven, in the County of York, is a title that has been created twice. Two Creations The first creation came in the Peerage of England in 1664 in favour of the soldier William Craven, the eldest son of Sir William Craven, Lord Mayor of… …   Wikipedia

  • Craven Cottage — The Cottage Location Stevenage Road, London SW6 6HH …   Wikipedia

  • Craven (disambiguation) — Craven is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England Craven may also refer to: Places Craven, Saskatchewan, Canada, a village Craven (Bradford Ward), an electoral ward in the Bradford Metropolitan District, England Craven Fault, a… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.