Coruña, A

Coruña, A

Spanish  La Coruña , also called  Corunna , formerly  The Groyne 

      city, capital of A Coruña (Coruña, A) provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Galicia, in extreme northwestern Spain. It lies on an inlet facing the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the Mero River. Under the Romans, A Coruña was the port of Brigantium, but its present name is probably derived from Coronium, the name by which it was known in the Middle Ages. It was held by the Moors during the 8th, 9th, and 10th centuries and by the Portuguese during the 14th century and was reconquered definitively by the Spanish in the 15th century. In 1386 John of Gaunt, the English duke of Lancaster, landed there in pursuit of his claim to the throne of Castile. On July 26, 1588, the Spanish Armada sailed from A Coruña against England after taking refuge in the port from squalls. The next year a British fleet under Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Norris burned the shipping fleet at A Coruña and sacked the lower part of the port. A Coruña was a battle site in the Peninsular War. On Jan. 16, 1809, the British led by Gen. Sir John Moore (Moore, Sir John) fought against the French in what became known as the Battle of A Coruña. The British army was evacuated to safety, sparing the lives of many soldiers (General Moore died in battle), while the French held onto the city. In 1898 the city suffered heavily when Spain lost Cuba and Puerto Rico in the Spanish-American War, for it had enjoyed a thriving trade with those colonies.

      Because of its position near a great sea route between northwest Europe and Latin America, A Coruña is one of the chief ports of northern Spain, exporting farm produce (especially onions and potatoes) and importing coal, salt, and manufactured goods. It is also the country's second largest fishing centre and has salting and canning industries. Petroleum refining is another major industry, along with textile, aluminum, chemical, and machinery manufacturing. There is a tobacco factory in the southern suburb of Santa Lucía and shipyards for building fishing vessels. A Coruña also has beach resort facilities and a significant real-estate market for vacation homes.

      The city comprises an old section (Ciudad Vieja) on a peninsula between Orzán and A Coruña bays, a new section (Ciudad Nueva, or La Pescadería) on the mainland and a narrow isthmus, and expanding residential suburbs. A characteristic feature of the houses is their miradores, or window balconies, glazed for protection against the wind. San Antón Castle, located on a small island connected to the mainland, formerly contained a fort and military prison but is now the site of the city's archaeological museum. Other notable landmarks include the Roman Tower of Hercules (Hercules, Tower of), a lighthouse dating from the reign of the emperor Trajan (AD 98–117) but regarded in popular legend as having been built by the Phoenicians, and the churches of Santiago (12th century), Santa María del Campo (13th century), and Santo Domingo (in 18th-century Galician Baroque). South of the latter in the San Carlos Gardens overlooking the harbour is the granite tomb of Sir John Moore (about whose death in the Peninsular War the Irish poet Charles Wolfe (Wolfe, Charles) wrote "The Burial of Sir John Moore" ). The city has schools of navigation and agriculture and is the site of an arsenal and army garrison. It was the birthplace of the Spanish novelist Emilia Pardo Bazán. Pop. (2006 est.) 224,063.

Spanish  La Coruña 

      provincia (province) in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Galicia, northwestern Spain. It was formed in 1833 from part of the captaincy general and former kingdom of Galicia. Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Cantabrian Sea to the north, it has the highest rainfall of any Spanish province. Its interior is crossed by the Galician mountains; the coastline, rocky and with deep indentations, is formed by drowned valleys or inlets known as rías, such as Santa María de Ortigueira, Ferrol, A Coruña, Corcubión, Muros, and Arousa, all of which afford sites for sheltered ports. Cape Fisterra (known to the Romans as Promunturium Nerium) is a huge granitic mass on the Atlantic coast and is one of Europe's chief headlands.

      A Coruña's main economic activity is fishing and fish processing, much of which, along with other light industry, is concentrated around the provincial capital of A Coruña (Coruña, A). The principal ports are A Coruña and Ferrol. Petroleum refining also is important. There are metallurgical plants and dockyards at Ferrol. Grain, fruit, potatoes, and vegetables are cultivated, and livestock raising, lumbering, and limited mining (tin, copper, and lignite) are carried on. The chief inland city is Santiago de Compostela, a prominent cathedral city that dates from the Middle Ages. Area 3,070 square miles (7,950 square km). Pop. (2007 est.) 1,132,792.

Vicente Rodriguez

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Coruña — f. *Tela de lienzo que se fabricaba en La Coruña. * * * coruña. f. Lienzo que tomó su nombre de la ciudad española en que se fabrica. * * * Coruña, A Coruña, A …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • coruña — f. *Tela de lienzo que se fabricaba en La Coruña. * * * coruña. f. Lienzo que tomó su nombre de la ciudad española en que se fabrica. * * * ► femenino Lienzo que tomó su nombre de la ciudad en que se fabrica …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Coruña — (spr. Korunja), 1) Provinz im spanischen Königreich Galicia, grenzt südlich an die Provinz Pontevedra, sonst an das Atlantische Meer, in das viele Vorgebirge auslaufen, als Corrovedo, Finisterre, Toriñana, Villano, de Tosta, Prioro, Otezal, u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Coruña, La [1] — Coruña, La (spr. runnja), span. Provinz in Galicien, nimmt den nordwestlichsten Teil der Iberischen Halbinsel ein, grenzt im O. an die Provinz Lugo, im S. an Pontevedra (Grenze der Ullafluß), im W. und N. an das Meer und hat ein Areal von 7903… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Coruña — La see LA CORUÑA …   English World dictionary

  • Coruña, La [2] — Coruña, La, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen span. Provinz (s. oben), liegt auf einer Halbinsel an der Bai (ria) von C., an der Eisenbahn Palencia C., und ist einer der ersten Handelsplätze Spaniens, mit sicherm, von Granitfelsen umschlossenem und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Coruna — Coruňa, La (spr. unja), Hauptort der span. Prov. La C. (7903 qkm, 1900: 653.556 E.; im NW. des Königr. Galicien), an der Ria von C., 43.971 E., Festung, Seehafen mit 5 Forts, nautische Schule …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • corună — CORÚNĂ s. v. fruntar. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime …   Dicționar Român

  • coruña — f. Lienzo que tomó su nombre de la ciudad española en que se fabrica …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Coruña, A — Provincia del NO de España que forma parte de la comunidad de Galicia. Limita con el Atlántico al N y O, con Lugo al E y con Pontevedra al S; 7 876 km2 de ext. y 1 108 980 h. La capital es La Coruña. En su relieve se distinguen tres regiones: el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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