Conwy


Conwy

also called  Conway 
 town, Conwy county borough, historic county of Caernarvonshire (Sir Gaernarfon), Wales. It lies on the west bank of the River Conwy's estuary, on the North Wales coast.

      Conwy was founded by the English king Edward I in 1283 as one of a chain of fortified towns in the then newly invaded North Wales. A Cistercian monastery already occupied this site; but Edward removed the monastery upstream to Maenan, leaving its church as the borough's parish church. Edward built a castle, a town, and walls to surround them both. The town was built on a grid plan as nearly as the site permitted, with the castle on the riverbank in the southeast corner. The castle is roughly rectangular, with eight round towers, each 40 feet (12 metres) in diameter, along its sides. The town walls themselves are fortified with 21 towers and have 3 gateways. Though the castle was partially dismantled in 1665, the town walls have remained virtually complete, making Conwy one of Europe's finest surviving examples of a medieval bastide (a town laid out according to a definite geometric plan). Sixteenth-century buildings in the town include the mansion Aberconwy (c. 1500), Plâs Mawr (the “Great House,” built in 1577–80, now housing the Royal Cambrian Academy of Art), and the Black Lion (1582; a coaching inn). Deganwy, across the Conwy estuary, is of much greater antiquity, with a 6th-century Welsh fortress, but little remains of its fortifications, and after Conwy was founded it became subordinate to the new town.

      The deeply indented estuary of the River Conwy has long been an obstacle to travelers along the coast of northern Wales. The Scottish engineer Thomas Telford (Telford, Thomas) designed the first bridge across the estuary at Conwy; the roadway of his innovative Conwy Suspension Bridge (1822–26) is suspended from huge wrought-iron chains. To carry a rail line across the estuary, the English engineer Robert Stephenson (Stephenson, Robert) completed a tubular iron-and-steel bridge at Conwy in 1848. A modern road bridge was completed alongside these two bridges more than a century later (1958), but it proved insufficient to accommodate the growing automotive traffic along North Wales's coastal highway. In 1990 a concrete road tunnel was completed beneath the Conwy estuary's channel to bypass the town of Conwy with much of this traffic. Conwy is now primarily a tourist centre. It is also the administrative centre of Conwy county borough. Pop. (2001) 14,208.

      county borough, northwestern Wales, along the Irish Sea. Conwy's coast includes the rugged headlands of Penmaenmawr and Great Orme's Head along with a low-lying strip reaching east to the mouth of the River Clwyd. From the coast the county borough extends inland along both sides of the River Conwy to the mountains of Snowdonia. The area west of the River Conwy and a small enclave east of the river below Llanrwst lie within the historic county of Caernarvonshire (Sir Gaernarfon). The portion of Conwy to the east of this area belongs to the historic county of Denbighshire (Sir Ddinbych).

 Conwy Castle (1283), built on the River Conwy estuary by Edward I of England, was a vital link in a chain of English strongholds in the then newly invaded North Wales. The castle guarded the entrance to the once-navigable River Conwy at the town of Conwy and dominated coastal access to the region of old Caernarvonshire and Anglesey. This ediface, along with other fortifications built by Edward I, was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1986.

      Most of the county borough's population is concentrated along its coastal strip, where tourism is the main industry. Colwyn Bay is one of the most popular seaside resorts and the largest town. The town of Abergele, located east of Colwyn Bay, was one of the first places in North Wales where “sea bathing” became popular. It is now a thriving market centre with weekly cattle markets. The coastal resorts of Conwy, Penmaenmawr, Llanfairfechan, and Llandudno all have lengthy sand beaches. The stone statue of a rabbit checking its watch, located on the western promenade of Llandudno, commemorates the part the town played in inspiring Lewis Carroll (Carroll, Lewis)'s Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865).

 Much of the interior of Conwy is farmland (including pastureland) and scenic hills. Snowdonia National Park covers the western interior, and numerous visitors travel each year to the mountain resort of Betws-y-Coed for its celebrated waterfalls. Conwy town is the administrative centre. Area 435 square miles (1,126 square km). Pop. (2005 est.) 111,500.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Conwy — Conwy …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Conwy — steht für: Conwy (Stadt), eine Stadt in Wales Conwy (County Borough), eine Verwaltungsregion in Wales Conwy (Fluss), einen Fluss in Wales Conwy ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Conwy Lloyd Morgan (1852–1936), britischer Zoologe und Psychologe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Conwy —   [ kɔnweɪ], Conway [ kɔnweɪ], Stadt in der County Gwynedd, Wales, an der Nordküste, 13 000 Einwohner; Marktzentrum; Fremdenverkehr.   Stadtbild:   Mittelalterlicher Stadtkern mit nahezu vollständig erhaltenem Mauerring; die Burg (errichtet im 13 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Conwy — This article is about the town. For other uses, see Conwy (disambiguation). Coordinates: 53°17′N 3°50′W / 53.28°N 3.83°W / 53.28; 3.83 …   Wikipedia

  • Conwy — Ubicación de Conwy en Gales. Conwy (en galés: Conway) es una autoridad unitaria situada en el extremo septentrional de Gales. Tiene una población de 117.000 habitantes (2001) y un área de 1.130 km². Limita al sur y al suroccidente con el condado… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Conwy — Original name in latin Conwy Name in other language Aberconway, Conway, Conwy, Konui, Конуи State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 53.28077 latitude 3.83039 altitude 18 Population 3890 Date 2011 03 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Conwy — Sp Kònvis Ap Conwy vališkai Sp Kònvėjus Ap Conway angliškai L u., mst. ir grafystė, Jungtinė Karalystė (Velsas) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Conwy — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Conwy Country and Admin Code GB.WLS.X8 GB …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Conwy — geographical name administrative area of N Wales area 436 square miles (1130 square kilometers) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Conwy — noun A town in Clwyd in North Wales; formerly Conway …   Wiktionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.