Cohen, Stanley


Cohen, Stanley

▪ American biochemist
born Nov. 17, 1922, Brooklyn, New York, N.Y., U.S.

      American biochemist who, with Rita Levi-Montalcini (Levi-Montalcini, Rita), shared the 1986 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his researches on substances produced in the body that influence the development of nerve and skin tissues.

      Cohen was educated at Brooklyn College (B.A., 1943), Oberlin College (M.A., 1945), and at the University of Michigan, where he received a Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1948. He joined Levi-Montalcini at Washington University, St. Louis, Mo., as a researcher in 1952. His training as a biochemist enabled him to help isolate nerve growth factor, a natural substance that Levi-Montalcini had found stimulated the growth of nerve cells and fibres. Cohen found another cell growth factor in the chemical extracts that contained the nerve growth factor. He discovered that this substance caused the eyes of newborn mice to open and their teeth to erupt several days sooner than normal. Cohen termed this substance epidermal growth factor (EGF), and he went on to purify it and completely analyze its chemistry. He and his coworkers found that EGF influences a great range of developmental events in the body. He also discovered the mechanisms by which EGF is taken into and acts upon individual cells.

      Cohen conducted his research at Washington University until 1959, upon which he moved to Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn., becoming professor of biochemistry there in 1967. Cohen later received an Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award (1986) and was inducted into the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Hall of Honor (2007).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • COHEN, STANLEY — (1922– ), U.S. biochemist and Nobel Prize laureate. Cohen was born in Brooklyn, New York. After studying at Brooklyn College (B.A., 1943) and Oberlin College (M.A., 1945), he received his Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Michigan in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cohen , Stanley — (1922–) American biochemist A native New Yorker, Cohen was educated at Brooklyn and Oberlin colleges and at the University of Michigan, where he was appointed teaching fellow in the department of biochemistry in 1946. He moved to the University… …   Scientists

  • Cohen, Stanley — ► (n. 1922) Bioquímico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1986, compartido con Rita Levi Montalcini, por sus investigaciones sobre los factores de crecimiento celular. Desde 1976 es miembro de la American Cancer Society …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stanley Cohen — Cohen , Stanley …   Scientists

  • Stanley Cohen — Naissance 17 novembre 1922 Brooklyn, New York (États Unis) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stanley Cohen (sociólogo) — Stanley Cohen es un profesor emérito de Sociología en la London School of Economics. Escritor destacado en criminología, es conocido por acuñar el término pánico moral en su estudio de 1972 (Folk Devils and Moral Panics) sobre la reacción social… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Stanley Cohen — (* 17. November 1922 in Brooklyn, New York, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Neurowissenschaftler und Biochemiker. Cohen wurde als Sohn aus Russland ausgewanderter Juden geboren. Sein Vater war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stanley Cohen (bioquímico) — Stanley Cohen. Stanley Cohen, es un bioquímico estadounidense nacido en Brooklyn, Nueva York, el 17 de noviembre de 1922. Estudió Química y Medicina en la Universidad de Míchigan. Trabajó durante varios años en el laboratorio de investigación de… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Stanley G. Cohen — Dr. Stanley G. Cohen is the President of Five Towns College located in Dix Hills, NY on Long Island. He has served as President since the college was chartered in 1972. He founded the Dix Hills Performing Arts Center which is located at the… …   Wikipedia


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