Cohen, Albert

Cohen, Albert

▪ American criminologist
born June 15, 1918, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.

      American criminologist best known for his subcultural theory of delinquent gangs. In 1993 Cohen received the Edwin H. Sutherland Award from the American Society of Criminology for his outstanding contributions to criminological theory and research.

      Cohen earned an M.A. in sociology from Indiana University (1942) and a Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard University (1951). In 1965, after having taught at Indiana University for 18 years, he joined the faculty of the University of Connecticut, where he served as professor of sociology until his retirement in 1988.

      As a graduate student, Cohen studied under Edwin H. Sutherland (Sutherland, Edwin) and Robert K. Merton (Merton, Robert K.), who had developed the two leading theories in criminology, on normal learning and social structure, respectively. In Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang (1955), Cohen tied these divergent approaches together in a single theory. Proposing a general theory of subcultures, Cohen argued that similar ideas tend to arise among people who experience similar social circumstances. He maintained that delinquent youths generally lack the means to achieve social status along conventional lines, and in response they form groups (gangs) that invert the conventional expectations in terms of which status is achieved. For example, whereas conventional society confers status for academic achievement, gangs confer status for academic failure.

Thomas J. Bernard

▪ Greek-born French-Jewish author and diplomat
born Aug. 16, 1895, Corfu, Greece
died Oct. 17, 1981, Geneva, Switz.

      Greek-born French-Jewish novelist, journalist, and diplomat who secured his reputation with a trilogy written over the course of 38 years.

      From 1900 Cohen was reared in Marseilles, France. He studied law in Geneva, became a Swiss citizen, and began a career as a writer and as a civil servant, notably with the International Labour Organisation of the United Nations. In 1921 he published Paroles juives, an examination of Judaism, Jewry, and Israel.

      The title character of Solal (1930), Cohen's first novel, struggles to synthesize his Jewish upbringing with his role as a French-based international diplomat. His story continues in Mangeclous (1938) and Belle du seigneur (1968) as Solal seeks to offset this inner turmoil by redirecting his idealism to his beloved Ariane. Characterized by a leisurely style, the trilogy is an epic study of a tragic hero. Among Cohen's other works are the one-act play Ezéchiel (1927) and the memoirs Livre de ma mère (1954; Book of My Mother), O vous, frères humains (1972), and Carnets (1978). Much of his work appeared in the posthumous anthology Oeuvres (1994).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • COHEN, ALBERT — (1895–1981), French novelist whose four outstanding novels, written over a period of four decades, form one of the most outspoken series in modern Jewish literature. Cohen, who was born in Corfu, was educated in France, then studied law in Geneva …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cohen, Albert — (1895 1981)    French novelist. He was born in Corfu. He wrote poems and novels about modern Jewry, including Solal of the Solals, Mangeclous and Belle du Seigneur, he also edited the journal Revue juive. He served as an official in international …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Albert Cohen — (* 16. August 1895 auf Korfu; † 17. Oktober 1981 in Genf) war ein Schweizer Schriftsteller französischer Sprache. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen 3 Werke (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cohen — (Albert) (1895 1981) écrivain suisse d expression française. Haut fonctionnaire à la S.D.N. puis à l ONU, il vécut à Genève. Ses romans, en partie autobiographiques, mêlent l humour et la sensualité: Solal (1930), Mangeclous (1938), Belle du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Albert Cohen — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cohen. Albert Cohen, né à Corfou, le 16 août 1895, mort à Genève le 17 octobre 1981, est un poète, écrivain et dramaturge suisse romand dont l œuvre est fortement influencée par ses racines… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert Cohen — For other people named Albert Cohen, see Albert Cohen (disambiguation). Albert Cohen (August 16, 1895, Corfu, Greece October 17, 1981, Geneva, Switzerland) was a Greek born Romaniote Jewish Swiss novelist who wrote in French. He worked as a civil …   Wikipedia

  • Albert Cohen (producteur) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cohen. Albert Cohen fait partie de ceux que l on appelle Les Pionniers de La FM . Cofondateur, en 1981, de Radio Nostalgie, il assure la direction générale de la station locale lyonnaise et procède, dès 1984, à… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • COHEN (A.) — Au début de l’année 1933, dans les semaines qui précèdent l’élection d’Adolf Hitler et la prise du pouvoir par les nationaux socialistes, les journaux allemands font de Solal , roman d’Albert Cohen, qui vient d’être traduit, un éloge démesuré: la …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Albert Cohen (disambiguation) — Albert Cohen may refer to:*Albert Cohen (1895 ndash;1981), Greek born Jewish Swiss novelist *Albert D. Cohen (b. 1914), Canadian businessman *Albert K. Cohen (b. 1918), American criminologist *Albert. Cohen (b.1932) Bulgaria born Israeli Hebrew… …   Wikipedia