Clurman, Harold

Clurman, Harold

▪ American theatrical director and drama critic
born Sept. 18, 1901, New York, N.Y., U.S.
died Sept. 9, 1980, New York City

      influential and respected American theatrical director and drama critic.

      Clurman attended Columbia University in New York City, then the University of Paris, where he received a degree in letters in 1923. He made his stage debut the following year as an extra at the Greenwich Village Theatre in New York City. In 1931 Clurman became a founding member of the Group Theatre, an experimental company, for which he directed several plays, notably Awake and Sing! (1935) by Clifford Odets. Clurman's achievements as a director range over many categories of drama, including Carson McCullers' Member of the Wedding (1950), Jean Giraudoux's drama of ideas Tiger at the Gates (1955), and Jean Anouilh's farce Waltz of the Toreadors (1957). He also directed Eugene O'Neill's Touch of the Poet (1957) and Arthur Miller's Incident at Vichy (1965). Financed by a grant from the U.S. State Department, Clurman directed the Kumo Theatre Company of Japan in O'Neill's Long Day's Journey into Night (1965) and The Iceman Cometh (1968).

      Clurman also became a drama critic, writing for the weekly magazine The New Republic in 1948–52, then for the weekly The Nation from 1953 until his death. He also wrote On Directing (1972); The Divine Pastime (1974), theatrical essays; and his memoirs, All People Are Famous (1974).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • CLURMAN, HAROLD — (1901–1980), U.S. theater director and drama critic. Born in New York City, Clurman studied at Columbia University and the University of Paris. When he returned to the U.S., he became involved with the Greenwich Village Theater. In 1931 he joined …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Clurman, Harold (Edgar) — born Sept. 18, 1901, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 9, 1980, New York City U.S. director and drama critic. He was an actor from 1924 and was a founding member of the experimental Group Theatre. He directed a wide range of Broadway plays,… …   Universalium

  • Clurman, Harold (Edgar) — (18 sep. 1901, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–9 sep. 1980, Nueva York). Crítico y director de teatro estadounidense. Comenzó en la actuación en 1924 y fue miembro fundador de la compañía experimental Group Theatre. Dirigió obras de diversos estilos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Harold Clurman — Harold Edgar Clurman (September 18, 1901 – September 9, 1980) was a visionary American theatre director and drama critic, one of the most influential in the United States .[1] He was most notable as one of the three founders of the New York City… …   Wikipedia

  • Harold Clurman — Nombre Harold Clurman Nacimiento 18 de sep …   Wikipedia Español

  • Harold — /har euhld/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Alexander Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander 1st Earl Arlen Harold Barton Sir Derek Harold Richard Bloom Harold Clurman Harold Edgar Crane Harold Hart James Harold Doolittle… …   Universalium

  • Harold — (as used in expressions) Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde Arlen, Harold Barton, Sir Derek H(arold) R(ichard) Harold George Belafonte, Jr. Bloom, Harold Clurman, Harold (Edgar) Crane, (Harold) Hart James Harold… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Clurman — /klerr meuhn/, n. Harold (Edgar), 1901 80, U.S. theatrical director, author, and critic. * * * …   Universalium

  • Clurman — /klerr meuhn/, n. Harold (Edgar), 1901 80, U.S. theatrical director, author, and critic …   Useful english dictionary

  • Group Theatre — New York theatre company (1931–41) founded by Harold Clurman, Cheryl Crawford, and Lee Strasberg to present U.S. plays of social significance. Embracing the acting principles of the Stanislavsky method, the company which also included actors and… …   Universalium