Clarendon, Assize of


Clarendon, Assize of

▪ English history
      (1166), a series of ordinances initiated by King Henry II of England in a convocation of lords at the royal hunting lodge of Clarendon. In an attempt to improve procedures in criminal law, it established the grand, or presenting, jury (consisting of 12 men in each hundred and 4 men in each township), which was to inform the King's itinerant judges of the most serious crimes committed in each local district and to name “any man accused or notoriously suspect of being a robber or murderer or thief.” All such men were subjected to ordeal by water and, if convicted, deprived of their goods and chattels, which were forfeited to the King; a convicted man also had his foot amputated. Even those acquitted were subject to exile from England if they were deemed men of ill repute. The assize was an extreme effort to control rampant lawlessness and had the unfortunate effect of encouraging accusations leading to miscarriages of justice. It was amended by the Assize of Northampton (Northampton, Assize of) (q.v.).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • clarendon, assize of — /asayz av klaerandan/ English statute (1166) the principal feature of which was an improvement of judicial procedure in the case of criminals. It was a part of the same scheme of reform as the Constitution of Clarendon …   Black's law dictionary

  • clarendon, assize of — /asayz av klaerandan/ English statute (1166) the principal feature of which was an improvement of judicial procedure in the case of criminals. It was a part of the same scheme of reform as the Constitution of Clarendon …   Black's law dictionary

  • assize — assize, or assise (obsolete) /asayz/ An ancient species of court, consisting of a certain number of men, usually twelve, who were summoned together to try a disputed cause, performing the functions of a jury, except that they gave a verdict from… …   Black's law dictionary

  • assize, or assise — (obsolete) /asayz/ An ancient species of court, consisting of a certain number of men, usually twelve, who were summoned together to try a disputed cause, performing the functions of a jury, except that they gave a verdict from their own… …   Black's law dictionary

  • assize — assize, or assise (obsolete) /asayz/ An ancient species of court, consisting of a certain number of men, usually twelve, who were summoned together to try a disputed cause, performing the functions of a jury, except that they gave a verdict from… …   Black's law dictionary

  • assize, or assise — (obsolete) /asayz/ An ancient species of court, consisting of a certain number of men, usually twelve, who were summoned together to try a disputed cause, performing the functions of a jury, except that they gave a verdict from their own… …   Black's law dictionary

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  • Assize of Clarendon — The Assize of Clarendon was an 1166 act of Henry II of England that began the transformation of English law from such systems for deciding the prevailing party in a case as trial by ordeal or trial by battle to an evidentiary model, in which… …   Wikipedia

  • Assize Court — The Court of Assize, or Assizes, is a medieval term for legal codes (such as Assizes of Jerusalem ), that continues to be used in modern times. It is the name of criminal courts in several countries. In France, Belgium and Italy the court is… …   Wikipedia

  • Clarendon Palace — The ruins of Clarendon Palace Clarendon Palace is a medieval ruin near Salisbury in Wiltshire, England. The palace was a royal residence during the Middle Ages, and was the location of the Assize of Clarendon which developed the Constitutions of… …   Wikipedia


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