Ciano, Galeazzo, conte di Cortellazzo


Ciano, Galeazzo, conte di Cortellazzo

▪ Italian diplomat
born March 18, 1903, Livorno, Italy
died Jan. 11, 1944, Verona

      Italian statesman and diplomat who became one of the key figures in the Fascist regime of Benito Mussolini (Mussolini, Benito) after his marriage to Mussolini's daughter Edda (1930). He was especially influential in bringing about Italy's entry into World War II after the fall of France (June 1940).

      Young Ciano took part in the Fascist March on Rome in 1922 and then studied law at the University of Rome. After working briefly as a journalist, he entered the diplomatic corps, holding posts in Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires and serving as consul general in Shanghai and as minister to China. After his marriage to Edda Mussolini, he rose rapidly through the ranks: chief of the press bureau (1933), undersecretary of state for press and propaganda (1934), and member of the Fascist Grand Council, the inner group that determined party policy. An avid aviator, he led a bomber squadron in the war against Ethiopia (1935–36) and, on his return to Rome, became minister of foreign affairs (June 9, 1936). He was regarded by many as a likely successor to Mussolini.

      Although he had repeatedly advocated the Italo-German alliance, Ciano became wary of Adolf Hitler when Germany invaded Poland (September 1939) without first consulting Italy, in direct violation of an agreement given to Ciano in May by the German foreign minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop. At first Ciano persuaded Mussolini to adopt a policy of nonbelligerence, but, when France fell, he urged entry into the war.

      After several Axis defeats in 1942, Ciano became one of many Fascist proponents of a separate peace with the Allies. The suspicious Mussolini dismissed his entire Cabinet (Feb. 5, 1943), and Ciano was appointed ambassador to the Vatican. Nonetheless, Ciano and other leading Fascists retained enough power at the historic meeting of the Grand Council (July 24/25, 1943) to force Mussolini's resignation. When the new government was preparing charges of embezzling against him, the immensely rich Ciano fled Rome. He was captured by pro-Mussolini partisans and Germans in northern Italy. On Mussolini's orders, he was brought to trial on a charge of treason, found guilty, and executed by a shot in the back.

Additional Reading
Ciano's diaries are compiled as The Ciano Diaries, 1939–1943 (2002; originally published in English, 1946). A useful biography is Ray Moseley, Mussolini's Shadow: The Double Life of Count Galeazzo Ciano (1999).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Conte - все действующие акции Conte в категории Женская одежда

  • Galeazzo Ciano — with Józef Beck, 1939. Gian Galeazzo Ciano, 2nd Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari (18 March 1903 – 11 January 1944) was an Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Benito Mussolini s son in law. In early 1944 Count Ciano was shot by firing squad at …   Wikipedia

  • Ciano — biographical name Galeazzo 1903 1944 Conte di Cortellazzo Italian statesman …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Costanzo Ciano — President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies In office April 28, 1934 – March 2, 1939 Preceded by Giovanni …   Wikipedia

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

  • international relations — a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… …   Universalium

  • Mussolini, Benito — ▪ Italian dictator Introduction in full  Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini,  byname  Il Duce  (Italian:  “The Leader”)   born July 29, 1883, Predappio, Italy died April 28, 1945, near Dongo  Italian prime minister (1922–43) and the first of 20th… …   Universalium

  • World War II — the war between the Axis and the Allies, beginning on September 1, 1939, with the German invasion of Poland and ending with the surrender of Germany on May 8, 1945, and of Japan on August 14, 1945. Abbr.: WWII * * * or Second World War (1939–45)… …   Universalium

  • count — count1 /kownt/, v.t. 1. to check over (the separate units or groups of a collection) one by one to determine the total number; add up; enumerate: He counted his tickets and found he had ten. 2. to reckon up; calculate; compute. 3. to list or name …   Universalium

  • di — di1 /dee/, prep. from; of: used in Italian personal names, originally to indicate place of origin: Conte di Savòia. Also, Di. [ < It < L de] di2 /dee/, n. Music. a tone in the ascending chromatic scale between do and re. [perh. alter. of DO2] * * …   Universalium

  • Di — /duy/, n. a female given name, form of Diana. Symbol, Chem. didymium. * * * (as used in expressions) Benciviene di Pepo Donato di Niccolò Antonio di Pietro Averlino Francesco di Cristofano de Giudicis Tommaso Di Giovanni Di Simone Guidi Tommaso… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.