Chorotega


Chorotega

people
      the most powerful American Indian tribe of northwest Costa Rica at the time of the Spanish conquest. They spoke Mangue, a language of Oto-Manguean stock, and had probably migrated from a homeland in Chiapas many generations prior to the conquest, driving the aboriginal inhabitants out of their new territory.

      The Chorotega were corn farmers, had markets and a semidemocratic social structure in which chiefs were elected, and carried on frequent warfare with neighbouring peoples. They wore padded cotton armour and fought with bow and arrow and a wooden sword set with small flint knives. Religious festivals featured the South American custom of the ritual drinking bout; however, Mexican traits such as human sacrifice and self-mutilation of the ears, tongue, and genitals were also present. A pantheon of gods was worshiped in specially constructed temples. Chorotegan culture and language disappeared during the colonial period.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chorotega — Gesprochen in Honduras, Nicaragua, Chorotega Sprecher ausgestorben Linguistische Klassifikation Maya Sprachen Oto Mangue Chorotega Chiapanec Mangue …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chorotega — IPA| [tʃoro tega] is the name of an indigenous people of Honduras, Costa Rica and Nicaragua. The ethnic population number around 795 according to the ethnologue 2000 survey [http://www.ethnologue.com/show language.asp?code=cjr] . The Chorotega… …   Wikipedia

  • CHOROTEGA — Indiens de l’Amérique centrale qui, lors de l’arrivée des Espagnols, habitaient la côte Pacifique, du golfe de Fonseca (Honduras) au golfe de Nicoya (Costa Rica). La langue chorotega appartient à la famille oto mangue. Cette population avait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • chorotega — chorotega. adj. Se dice del individuo de un pueblo amerindio que habitó desde el sur de México hasta Nicaragua. U. t. c. s. || 2. Perteneciente o relativo a los chorotegas. || 3. m. Lengua hablada por los chorotegas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • chorotega — 1. adj. Se dice del individuo de un pueblo amerindio que habitó desde el sur de México hasta Nicaragua. U. t. c. s.) 2. Perteneciente o relativo a los chorotegas. 3. m. Lengua hablada por los chorotegas …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Chorotega — Chorotegas Población total 750 Idioma idioma chorotega, idioma español Religión Chamanismo, catolicismo Etnias relacionadas ma …   Wikipedia Español

  • chorotega — ˌchōrəˈtāgə noun (plural chorotega or chorotegas) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Spanish, of American Indian origin 1. a. : a people of Honduras, Nicaragua …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chorotega — ISO 639 3 Code : cjr ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Extinct …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • chorotega —   pueblo que habito la Gran Nicoya, cuya cultura tuvo alto grado de desarrollo, la mas avanzada de la Costa Rica indigena. Eran oriundos de Oaxaca, Mexico, y procedian de los otomies del Anahuac. Su lengua, el otomangue, pervive basicamente en… …   Diccionario de Guanacastequismos

  • chorotega — cho·ro·te·ga …   English syllables


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