Chol


Chol

people
      Mayan Indians of northern Chiapas in southeastern Mexico. The Chol language is closely related to Chontal, spoken by neighbouring people to the north, and to Chortí, spoken by people of eastern Guatemala. Although little is known of Chol culture at the time of the Spanish Conquest (early 16th century), Mayan linguists consider it highly probable that the language of the Mayan hieroglyphs was an earlier form of Chol. The Chol and Chontal people are lowlanders, although there are some mountainous areas in their territories. The climate is humid, and rainfall is heavy. The Chol are an agricultural people, growing corn (maize), beans, and squash as staples, as well as coffee, sugarcane, potatoes, rice, and vegetables. Poultry and pigs are also economically important. Crafts are declining, although some weaving is still done. Clothing is semitraditional, the women wearing short-sleeved cotton blouses and long skirts and the men wearing cotton pants and jackets and straw hats. Houses are built of poles with palm thatch roofs and may sometimes be coated with lime or mud.

      Religion is Roman Catholic with pagan syncretism; saints are worshiped in the church, while sacred mountains and caves, the Sun and Moon, and stone idols are also venerated. Curing ceremonies are practiced to drive out evils that cause illness.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • chol — chol·a·gog·ic; chol·a·gogue; chol·angiogram; chol·an·gi·o·graph·ic; chol·an·gi·og·ra·phy; chol·an·gi·ole; chol·an·gi·o·lit·ic; chol·an·gi·o·li·tis; chol·an·gi·o·ma; chol·an·gi·tis; chol·an·threne; chol·er; chol·era; chol·er·a·ic;… …   English syllables

  • Chol — oder Ch ol ist eine indigene Sprache in Mexiko mit über 100.000 Sprechern. Die Sprecher des Ch ol bezeichnen ihre eigene Sprache als lak t an (unsere Sprache). Diese Bezeichnung hat sich jedoch in der Sprachwissenschaft nicht durchgesetzt.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chol — La langue Chol appartient à la famille linguistique maya cholan, du nom de ses ancêtres précolombiens au Mexique où ils continueront à vivre jusqu au milieu du XIXe siècle relativement préservés de l influence espagnole . À cette époque, des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • chol- — chol(é) ♦ Élément, du gr. kholê « bile » (cf. Colère, mélancolique). chol(é) élément, du grec kholê, bile . chol ou cholé ❖ ♦ Élément, du grec kholê « …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chol —   [tʃɔl], Indianerstamm der Mayasprachfamilie im nördlichen Chiapas, Mexiko; die 128 240 Chol leben von der Landwirtschaft …   Universal-Lexikon

  • chol... — chol…, Chol… 〈[xol ] in Zus.; vor Vokalen; Med.〉 = chole…, Chole… …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Chol... — chol…, Chol… 〈[xol ] in Zus.; vor Vokalen; Med.〉 = chole…, Chole… …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • chol... — chol..., Chol... [ç...] vgl. ↑chole..., Chole …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • chol|er|a — «KOL uhr uh», noun. 1. a) a painful disease of the stomach and intestines that causes cramps, vomiting, weakness, and diarrhea; Asiatic cholera. Cholera is an acute, infectious, bacterial disease which is endemic in India, frequently epidemic… …   Useful english dictionary

  • chol´er|ic|ly — chol|er|ic «KOL uhr ihk», adjective. 1. a) having an irritable disposition; easily made angry; hot tempered: »a choleric old tyrant to his family. SYNONYM(S): irascible, irritable. b) enraged; angry; wrathful: »He was subject to choleric outbu …   Useful english dictionary

  • chol|er|ic — «KOL uhr ihk», adjective. 1. a) having an irritable disposition; easily made angry; hot tempered: »a choleric old tyrant to his family. SYNONYM(S): irascible, irritable. b) enraged; angry; wrathful: »He was subject to choleric outbu …   Useful english dictionary


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