Chinantec


Chinantec

people
      Middle American Indians of northwestern Oaxaca in southern Mexico. The area is mountainous and not easily accessible. The Chinantec, who numbered about 150,000 in the late 20th century, are agricultural, as are most Middle American Indians. Corn (maize) and beans, supplemented by cassava and yams, are the staple crops. Cultivation is by hand, with digging stick and hoe. Chicken, pork, and fish provide protein in the Chinantec diet. Wild fruit is gathered, although cultivated fruit is rare. Large, windowless, rectangular houses are built of vertically placed logs and thatch roofs. Native crafts are declining, but baskets and carrying bags are made; cloth for the huipil (long blouse or tunic for women) is woven where it is still worn. In some localities women wear the huipil woven in bright patterns, with or without an underskirt; the traditional costume for men is no longer worn.

      The compadrazgo, or godparent rite, is practiced, bonding a child's parents to the chosen godparent by various rituals and obligations. The Chinantec practice Roman Catholicism with syncretistic additions; rain and crop-fertility rituals have disappeared.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chinantec — Infobox Language name=Chinantec nativename=Tsa Jujmi states=Mexico region=Oaxaca speakers=approx. 93,000 (Ethnologue) familycolor=American fam1=Oto Mangue fam2=ChinantecanThe Chinantecs are an indigenous people that lives in Oaxaca and Veracruz,… …   Wikipedia

  • chinantec — ˈchinənˌtek noun (plural chinantec or chinantecs) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Spanish chinanteca, of American Indian origin 1. : an Indian people of the state of Oaxaca, Mexico 2 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chinantec — noun Any of an indigenous people of Oaxaca and Veracruz, Mexico …   Wiktionary

  • chinantec — chi·nan·tec …   English syllables

  • Chiltepec Chinantec — ISO 639 3 Code : csa ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Comaltepec Chinantec — ISO 639 3 Code : cco ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Lalana Chinantec — ISO 639 3 Code : cnl ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Lealao Chinantec — ISO 639 3 Code : cle ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Ojitlán Chinantec — ISO 639 3 Code : chj ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Ozumacín Chinantec — ISO 639 3 Code : chz ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3


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