chick-pea


chick-pea

plant
also called  Gram, or Garbanzo 

      (species Cicer arietinum), annual plant of the pea family (Fabaceae), widely grown for its nutritious seeds. The bushy, 60-centimetre (2-foot) plants bear pinnate leaves and small white or reddish flowers. The yellow-brown peas are borne one or two to a pod. Chick-peas are an important food plant in India, Africa, and Central and South America. Hummus, or hummous—chick-peas mashed to a paste with lemon juice, olive oil, and sesame paste—is widely eaten in the Middle East as a sauce and dip for bread. Mashed cooked chick-peas are formed into small flat cakes and fried for falafel (or felafel), a popular Israeli snack. In southern Europe, chick-peas are a common ingredient in soups, salads, and stews. A kind of meal or flour is also made from chick-peas.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chick pea — Pea Pea, n.; pl. {Peas}or {Pease}. [OE. pese, fr. AS. pisa, or OF. peis, F. pois; both fr. L. pisum; cf. Gr. ?, ?. The final s was misunderstood in English as a plural ending. Cf. {Pease}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus {Pisum},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chick-pea — ( p[=e] ), n. [See {Chich}.] 1. (Bot.) A Small leguminous plant ({Cicer arietinum}) of Asia, Africa, and the south of Europe; the chich; the dwarf pea; the gram. [1913 Webster] 2. Its nutritious seed, used in cookery, and especially, when roasted …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chick|pea — «CHIHK PEE», noun. 1. an annual plant of the pea family. Its short, puffy pods contain pealike seeds which are used for food. 2. one of these seeds. ╂[earlier chich pease, an assumed plural < chiche pea < Old French, alteration of cice,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • chick-pea — 1712, false singular back formation from chich pease (1540s), from Fr. pois chiche, from L. cicer pea. For second element, see PEASE (Cf. pease) …   Etymology dictionary

  • chick-pea — sėjamasis avinžirnis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos maistinis, vaistinis kultūrinis augalas (Cicer arietinum). atitikmenys: lot. Cicer arietinum angl. Bengal gram; chick pea; garbanzo; gram vok. Kichererbse pranc. pois… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • chick pea — garbanzo bean, dwarf pea …   English contemporary dictionary

  • chick-pea — noun (C) a large brown pea which is cooked and eaten; garbanzo …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • Chick-pea — Cicer (E) …   EthnoBotanical Dictionary

  • chick pea — see chickpea …   English dictionary

  • chick-pea — n. 1 a leguminous plant, Cicer arietinum, with short swollen pods containing yellow beaked seeds. 2 this seed used as a vegetable. Etymology: orig. ciche pease f. L cicer: see PEASE …   Useful english dictionary


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