- Chesterton, G.K.
▪ British authorborn May 29, 1874, Londondied June 14, 1936, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, Eng.English critic and author of verse, essays, novels, and short stories, known also for his exuberant personality and rotund figure. Chesterton's biography of Charles Dickens (Dickens, Charles) appeared in the 14th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (see the Britannica Classic: Charles Dickens).Chesterton was educated at St. Paul's School and later studied art at the Slade School and literature at University College, London. His writings to 1910 were of three kinds. First, his social criticism, largely in his voluminous journalism, was gathered in The Defendant (1901), Twelve Types (1902), and Heretics (1905). In it he expressed strongly pro-Boer views in the South African War. Politically, he began as a Liberal but after a brief radical period became, with his Christian and medievalist friend Hilaire Belloc, a Distributist, favouring the distribution of land. This phase of his thinking is exemplified by What's Wrong with the World (1910).His second preoccupation was literary criticism. Robert Browning (1903) was followed by Charles Dickens (1906) and Appreciations and Criticisms of the Works of Charles Dickens (1911), prefaces to the individual novels, which are among his finest contributions to criticism. His George Bernard Shaw (1909) and The Victorian Age in Literature (1913) together with William Blake (1910) and the later monographs William Cobbett (1925) and Robert Louis Stevenson (1927) have a spontaneity that places them above the works of many academic critics.Chesterton's third major concern was theology and religious argument. He was converted from Anglicanism to Roman Catholicism in 1922. Although he had written on Christianity earlier, as in his book Orthodoxy (1909), his conversion added edge to his controversial writing, notably The Catholic Church and Conversion (1926), his writings in G.K.'s Weekly, and Avowals and Denials (1934). Other works arising from his conversion were St. Francis of Assisi (1923), the essay in historical theology The Everlasting Man (1925), and St. Thomas Aquinas (1933).In his verse Chesterton was a master of ballad forms, as shown in the stirring “Lepanto” (1911). When it was not uproariously comic, his verse was frankly partisan and didactic. His essays developed his shrewd, paradoxical irreverence to its ultimate point of real seriousness. He is seen at his happiest in such essays as “On Running After One's Hat” (1908) and “A Defence of Nonsense” (1901), in which he says that nonsense and faith are “the two supreme symbolic assertions of truth” and “to draw out the soul of things with a syllogism is as impossible as to draw out Leviathan with a hook.”Many readers value Chesterton's fiction most highly. The Napoleon of Notting Hill (1904), a romance of civil war in suburban London, was followed by the loosely knit collection of short stories, The Club of Queer Trades (1905), and the popular allegorical novel The Man Who Was Thursday (1908). But the most successful association of fiction with social judgment is in Chesterton's series on the priest-sleuth Father Brown: The Innocence of Father Brown (1911), followed by The Wisdom . . . (1914), The Incredulity . . . (1926), The Secret . . . (1927), and The Scandal of Father Brown (1935).Chesterton's friendships were with men as diverse as H.G. Wells, Shaw, Belloc, and Max Beerbohm. His Autobiography was published in 1936.
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Chesterton — may refer to: Contents 1 Places 2 Other uses 3 People with the surname … Wikipedia
Chesterton — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arthur Kenneth Chesterton (1896–1973), britischer Politiker Frank Chesterton ( 1885–??), englischer Badmintonspieler G. K. Chesterton (1874–1936),eigentlich Gilbert Keith Chesterton, englischer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
CHESTERTON (G. K.) — CHESTERTON GILBERT KEITH (1874 1936) Journaliste, essayiste, critique littéraire et critique d’art, poète, romancier, auteur dramatique, G. K. Chesterton a pratiqué tous les genres avec un bonheur presque égal. En outre, dessinateur au trait… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Chesterton — Chesterton, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 10488 Housing Units (2000): 4212 Land area (2000): 8.513063 sq. miles (22.048731 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.113160 sq. miles (0.293083 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.626223 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Chesterton, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 10488 Housing Units (2000): 4212 Land area (2000): 8.513063 sq. miles (22.048731 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.113160 sq. miles (0.293083 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.626223 sq. miles (22.341814 sq. km) FIPS … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Chesterton — (spr. tschéßtert n), Stadt, dicht bei Cambridge (England), mit Gewerbeschule, Arbeitshaus und (1901) 9583 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Chesterton — (spr. tschest rt n), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Cambridge, (1901) 9583 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Chesterton — Chesterton, Gilbert Keith … Enciclopedia Universal
Chesterton — (Gilbert Keith) (1874 1936) auteur anglais de romans policiers métaphysiques: le Dénommé Jeudi (1908), Histoires du père Brown (1911 1935) … Encyclopédie Universelle
Chesterton — [ tʃestətn], Gilbert Keith, englischer Schriftsteller, * Kensington (heute zu London) 29. 5. 1874, ✝ Beaconsfield 14. 6. 1936; war mit H. Belloc eng befreundet; trat 1922 zum Katholizismus über. Seine Werke, die alle literarische Gattungen… … Universal-Lexikon
Chesterton — [ches′tər tən] G(ilbert) K(eith) 1874 1936; Eng. writer … English World dictionary