Chemnitz, Martin


Chemnitz, Martin

▪ German theologian
Chemnitz also spelled  Kemnitz  
born November 9, 1522, Treuenbrietzen, Brandenburg [Germany]
died April 8, 1586, Braunschweig

      leading German theologian who was known, with reference to Martin Luther (Luther, Martin), as “the second Martin” and who helped unify the Lutheran church (Lutheranism) following the Reformation.

      At the University of Wittenberg (1545), Chemnitz was the protégé of the Reformer Philipp Melanchthon (Melanchthon, Philipp). In 1550 at Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia), he became librarian to Duke Albert of Prussia, an appointment that afforded him an opportunity to continue his theological studies. He returned to Wittenberg in 1553, entered the ministry as the pastor of the church of St. Aegidi, and began to lecture on Melanchthon's Loci communes rerum theologicarum (“Theological Commonplaces”), the first systematic treatise on Reformation theology. The following year Chemnitz became coadjutor to Joachim Mörlin, whom he succeeded in 1567 as superintendent of the churches of Braunschweig, a post he held for the rest of his life.

      In 1568 he began a decade of work with the theologian Jakob Andreä in uniting German Lutheranism, which had been divided by theological disagreement after Luther's death in 1546. This end was achieved by the Formula of Concord (1577), which inaugurated the era of Lutheran orthodoxy and was primarily the work of the two men.

      Chemnitz's works include a defense of the Lutheran doctrine of the real presence of Christ's body and blood in the Eucharist (1561); a systematic discussion of the relation between the divine and human natures of Christ (1570); Examen concilii tridentini (1565–73; Examination of the Council of Trent), the standard Lutheran analysis of the doctrinal decisions of the Council of Trent (Trent, Council of) (1545–63); and a partial presentation of his theology in the form of a commentary on Melanchthon's Loci communes (1591).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CHEMNITZ, MARTIN —    an eminent Lutheran theologian, born in Brandenburg, a disciple of Melanchthon; author of Loci Theologici, a system of theology; took a leading part in procuring the adoption of the Formula of Concord ; his chief work Examen Concilii… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Martin Chemnitz — (November 9, 1522 – April 8, 1586) was an eminent second generation Lutheran theologian, reformer, churchman, and confessor. In the Lutheran tradition he is known as Alter Martinus, the Second Martin : Si Martinus non fuisset, Martinus vix… …   Wikipedia

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  • Chemnitz [2] — Chemnitz, Martin, luth. Theolog, geb. 9. Nov. 1522 zu Treuenbrietzen, seit 1554 erst Prediger, dann Superintendent in Braunschweig, dessen evang. Landeskirche er begründete, gest. das. 8. April 1586. Hauptwerk: »Examen concilii Tridentini« (1565… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Martin Chemnitz — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chemnitz (homonymie). Martin Chemnitz Martin Chemnitz (* 9 novembre 1522 à Treuenbrietzen, † 8 avril 15 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chemnitz (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Chemnitz Chemnitz District de Chemnitz Martin Chemnitz (1522 1586), théologien allemand ; Matthäus Friedrich Chemnitz (1815 1870) ; Philipp… …   Wikipédia en Français


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