Casimir II


Casimir II

▪ duke of Poland
byname  Casimir the Just , Polish  Kazimierz Sprawiedliwy 
born 1138
died May 5, 1194

      duke of Kraków and of Sandomierz from 1177 to 1194. A member of the Piast dynasty, he drove his brother Mieszko III from the throne and spent much of his reign fighting him. Mieszko actually regained power briefly in 1190–91, retaking Kraków. Casimir became Poland's most powerful ruler and, at the Congress of Lenczyca (1180) was so recognized by the nobility and clergy, who, in exchange for privileges, vested hereditary rights in his descendants. He was succeeded by his son Leszek I, who spent years in battle against other claimants.

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Universalium. 2010.

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