Casimir II

Casimir II

▪ duke of Poland
byname  Casimir the Just , Polish  Kazimierz Sprawiedliwy 
born 1138
died May 5, 1194

      duke of Kraków and of Sandomierz from 1177 to 1194. A member of the Piast dynasty, he drove his brother Mieszko III from the throne and spent much of his reign fighting him. Mieszko actually regained power briefly in 1190–91, retaking Kraków. Casimir became Poland's most powerful ruler and, at the Congress of Lenczyca (1180) was so recognized by the nobility and clergy, who, in exchange for privileges, vested hereditary rights in his descendants. He was succeeded by his son Leszek I, who spent years in battle against other claimants.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Casimir — may refer to:* Casimir effect, an attraction between parallel plates best explained by quantum mechanics * Casimir invariant, of a Lie algebra * Casimir (dinosaur), from the French TV show l Île aux enfants * Casimir, Ontario a community in the… …   Wikipedia

  • casimir — [ kazimir ] n. m. • 1790; casinire 1686; altér. angl. cassimer, de Cassimer nom angl. de la province indienne de Cachemire ♦ Anciennt Étoffe de laine croisée, mince et légère. ● casimir nom masculin (anglais Cassimer, Cachemire, d après Casimir,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Casimir IV — Jagellon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Casimir. Casimir IV Jagellon Casimir IV Jagellon ou Casimir Jagiellonian (pol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Casimir — m Anglicized spelling of Polish Kazimierz, derived from kazić to destroy + the Old Slavonic element meri great, famous (later taken as the medieval and modern word mir peace or world). This was a traditional name of Polish kings in the Middle… …   First names dictionary

  • Casimir I — may refer to: *Casimir I of Poland, Polish king *Casimir I, Duke of Pomerania, duke of Pomerania Demmin *Casimir I, Duke of Cieszyn …   Wikipedia

  • Casimir II — may refer to: *Casimir II the Just, Duke of Cracow and senior prince of Poland *Casimir II, Duke of Pomerania, duke of Pomerania Demmin *Casimir II, Duke of Cieszyn …   Wikipedia

  • Casimir — Outre les départements d Outre Mer, et notamment la Réunion, le nom de famille Casimir est porté dans le Sud Ouest, en particulier dans l Aveyron autrefois. Il s agit d un prénom slave, Kazimierz, popularisé par un prince polonais du XVe siècle,… …   Noms de famille

  • Casimir [1] — Casimir, Name, s. Kasimir …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Casimir [2] — Casimir, Stadt, so v.w. Kazimierz …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Casimir — Casimir,   Hendrik Brugt Gerhard, niederländischer Physiker, * Den Haag 15. 7. 1909, ✝ Heeze 4. 5. 2000; Professor in Leiden (1933 42), danach Mitarbeiter (1946 Direktor) des Natuurkundig Laboratoriums, 1957 72 auch Vorstandsmitglied des Philips… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Casimir — masc. proper name, from M.L. Casimirus from Pol. Kazimierz, lit. proclaimer of peace, from kazaД‡ to preach + mir peace (see MIR (Cf. Mir)) …   Etymology dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.