region of Senegal that lies south of The Gambia along the Casamance River. The region has ample rainfall, abundant in the south, and the lower course of the Casamance River is covered by dense vegetation; mangroves, oil palms, and raffia palms predominate. Rice, cotton, and corn (maize) are cultivated.

      Much of the area that is now Casamance was once the kingdom of Kasa. Kasa's king, or mansa, was a leading trader with the Portuguese, and Casamance takes its name from the Portuguese adaptation of Kasa mansa (king of Kasa). The region was subsequently inhabited by migrants from the Mali empire, the Diola (Jola), the Fulani (Fulbe), the Malinke, and other groups. Casamance was the last part of what is now Senegal to be conquered (beginning in 1903) by Europeans, and small pockets of resistance were active until after World War I. Isolated from the larger northern portion of the country, Casamance retained a distinct identity; many of its inhabitants, for example, retained traditional beliefs while the northern Senegalese adopted Islam. A separatist group, the Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance (MFDC), emerged in the early 1980s, organized by the Diola. Demonstrations by the MFDC led to a number of arrests, and in 1990 the group attacked several administrative locations in the region. The Senegalese army was sent to Casamance, and fighting persisted until a cease-fire was signed in 1993. Two years later, however, southern rebels split with the MFDC and renewed the violence. By the late 1990s thousands of civilians had been killed and more than 20,000 had fled the region. Several subsequent cease-fire attempts failed, and fighting continued into the early 21st century. The leader of the main rebel forces declared the war over in 2003, and a peace agreement was signed in 2004, but some rebel factions continued to fight.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Casamance — ( pt. Casamança) is the area of Senegal south of The Gambia including the Casamance River. It consists of Basse Casamance (Baixa Casamança [Lower Casamance] ) (Ziguinchor Region) and Haute Casamance (Alta Casamança [Upper Casamance] ) (Kolda… …   Wikipedia

  • Casamance — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Plano de Senegal, indicando en rojo la región de Casamance. El área de Casamance es la parte del suroeste de Senegal y del sur de Gambia incluyendo el río Casamance. En la actual organización territorial de Senegal… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Casamance — (la) fl. côtier du Sénégal (300 km), au S. de la Gambie. Casamance (la) partie du Sénégal méridional (28 350 km²; 1 000 100 hab.), irriguée par le fl. Casamance. Elle correspond aux régions admin. de Ziguinchor et de Kolda. Cette rég. produit du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Casamance —   [ mãs, französisch], Fluss in Südsenegal (300 km lang, mündet in den Atlantik) und südlich von Gambia liegender Landesteil; Hauptort ist Ziguinchor; Erdnuss , Zuckerrohr , Reisanbau; im Casamance Ästuar Mangrove; im Küstenschelf Erdölförderung …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Casamance — (Casamanza), Küstenfluß Senegambiens, südl. vom Gambia, bis Sedhiu schiffbar …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Casamance — 12° 56′ N 15° 20′ W / 12.93, 15.34 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Casamance — Karte der Lage der Casamance in Senegal Typische Landschaft …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Casamance — El área de Casamance es la parte del suroeste de Senegal y del sur de Gambia incluyendo el río Casamance. En la actual organización político administrativa de Senegal se corresponde con las regiones de Kolda Haute Casamance y Ziguinchor Basse… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Casamance (Fleuve) — Article connexe : Casamance. La Casamance Caractéristiques Longueur 320 km Bassin  ? …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Casamance (Fluss) — Casamance Der Casamance bei ZiguinchorVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt Daten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»