Caryophyllaceae


Caryophyllaceae

▪ plant family
      the pink, or carnation, family of flowering plants (order Caryophyllales), comprising some 86 genera and 2,200 species of herbaceous annuals and perennials, mainly of north temperate distribution. The members are diverse in appearance and habitat; most of them have swollen leaf and stem joints. They have five sepals and five petals, but it is thought that the latter are in origin modified stamens. There are usually 5 or 10 stamens, with an ovary borne above them. The ovules are borne in the centre of the ovary, and there are usually no walls dividing up the ovary cavity. The five sepals are joined, forming a tube, in Silene and its relatives.

 Among the important genera are Stellaria (see photograph—>); Cerastium; Arenaria (including sandwort); Silene and Lychnis; Gypsophila; and Saponaria (including soapwort). The most valued horticulturally is Dianthus, which includes the carnation, commonly cultivated by florists and also grown in Europe for use in perfumes; sweet William, an old-fashioned garden flower; and the cottage, or grass, pink. See also baby's breath; campion; carnation; chickweed; pink; sweet William.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caryophyllaceae — Dianthaceae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Caryophyllacĕae — so v.w. Nelkengewächse …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Caryophyllaceae — es una familia de hierbas, más raramente arbustos o subarbustos. Los tallos suelen presentar nudos engrosados que, ocasinalmente, tienen crecimiento secundario anómalo. Las hojas son opuestas (algunas especies presentan hojas alternas) simples,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Caryophyllaceae — Dianthaceae Caryophyllaceae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Caryophyllaceae — Taxobox name = Carnation family image width = 240px image caption = White Campion, Silene latifolia (Silenoideae:) regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida unranked ordo = Core eudicots ordo = Caryophyllales subordo =… …   Wikipedia

  • Caryophyllaceae —   Caryophyllaceae …   Wikipedia Español

  • Caryophyllaceae — Nelkengewächse Karthäuser Nelke (Dianthus carthusianorum) und Heide Nelke (Dianthus deltoides) Systematik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caryophyllaceae — noun large family of herbs or subshrubs (usually with stems swollen at the nodes) • Syn: ↑family Caryophyllaceae, ↑carnation family, ↑pink family • Derivationally related forms: ↑caryophyllaceous • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Caryophyllaceae — …   Википедия

  • Caryophyllaceae — Сем. Гвоздичные 96. Stellaria L. – Звездчатка 97. Cerastium L. – Ясколка 98. Sagina L. – Мшанка 99. Arenaria L. – Песчанка 100. Moehringia L. – Мерингия 101. Scleranthus L. – Дивала 102 …   Флора Центрально-лесного государственного заповедника


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