Carvaka


Carvaka

also called  Lokayata (Sanskrit: “Worldly Ones”) 

      a quasi-philosophical Indian school of materialists who rejected the notion of an afterworld, karma, liberation (moksha), the authority of the sacred scriptures, the Vedas, and the immortality of the self. Of the recognized means of knowledge (pramana), the Carvaka recognized only direct perception (anubhava). Sources critical of them depict them as hedonists advocating a policy of total opportunism; they are often described as addressing princes, whom they urged to act exclusively in their own self-interest, thus providing the intellectual climate in which a text such as Kautilya's Arthashastra (Artha-śāstra) (“Handbook of Profit”) could be written.

      Although Carvaka doctrine had disappeared by the end of the medieval period, its onetime importance is confirmed by the lengthy attempts to refute it found in both Buddhist (Buddhism) and orthodox Hindu (Hinduism) philosophical texts, which also constitute the main sources for knowledge of the doctrine.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carvaka — (auch Charvaka, Cārvāka oder Lokayata) wird der altindische Materialismus nach einem seiner Philosophen genannt. Er bestreitet die Existenz an allem metaphysischem, wozu auch Götter, Seelen, Karma, usw. gehören. Die Materialisten konzentrieren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cārvāka — Carvaka (auch Charvaka, Cārvāka oder Lokayata) wird der altindische Materialismus nach einem seiner Philosophen genannt. Er bestreitet die Existenz an allem metaphysischem, wozu auch Götter, Seelen, Karma, usw. gehören. Die Materialisten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • carvaka — CARVÁKA s. (FILOZ.) lokayata. Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004. Sursa: Sinonime  CARVÁKA CEAR / s. n. şcoală materialistă şi ateistă indiană care afirmă că la temelia lumii se află patru principii: aerul, focul, apa şi pământul şi respinge… …   Dicționar Român

  • Cārvāka — For the village in Kyrgyzstan, see Charbak, Kyrgyzstan. Cārvāka (Sanskrit: चार्वाक), also known as Lokāyata, is a system of Indian philosophy that assumes various forms of philosophical skepticism and religious indifference.[1] It seems named… …   Wikipedia

  • Carvaka — One of the unorthodox schools of Hindu thought, characterized by a generally sceptical and materialistic reaction to the Vedas . Carvaka bears a resemblance both to Greek scepticism and to early atomism …   Philosophy dictionary

  • cārvāka — चार्वाक …   Indonesian dictionary

  • cārvāka-darṡana — चार्वाकदर्शन …   Indonesian dictionary

  • cārvāka-mata — चार्वाकमत …   Indonesian dictionary

  • Lokayata — Carvaka (auch Charvaka, Cārvāka oder Lokayata) wird der altindische Materialismus nach einem seiner Philosophen genannt. Er bestreitet die Existenz an allem metaphysischem, wozu auch Götter, Seelen, Karma, usw. gehören. Die Materialisten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ancient philosophy — History of Western philosophy …   Wikipedia


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