Carothers, Wallace Hume


Carothers, Wallace Hume

▪ American chemist
born April 27, 1896, Burlington, Iowa, U.S.
died April 29, 1937, Philadelphia, Pa.
 American chemist who developed nylon, the first synthetic polymer fibre to be produced commercially (in 1938) and one that laid the foundation of the synthetic-fibre industry.

      At the University of Illinois and later at Harvard University, Carothers did research and teaching in organic chemistry. In 1928 he was appointed director of research in organic chemistry by E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company at its laboratory in Wilmington, Del. He investigated the structure of substances of high molecular weight and their formation by polymerization. These fundamental investigations led to the development of nylon, an artificial fibre with properties similar and in many ways superior to such natural fibres as wool, cotton, and silk, and to neoprene, a synthetic rubber derived from vinylacetylene. Carothers committed suicide after a long period of depression.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Carothers,Wallace Hume — Ca·roth·ers (kə rŭthʹərz), Wallace Hume. 1896 1937. American chemist who developed the synthetic material nylon, which was patented in 1937. * * * …   Universalium

  • Carothers , Wallace Hume — (1896–1937) American industrial chemist Carothers, the son of a teacher, was born in Burlington, Iowa, and gained a BS degree from Tarkio College, Missouri (1920), after working his way through college. He gained his PhD in 1924 from the… …   Scientists

  • Carothers, Wallace (Hume) —  (1896–1937) American scientist and inventor of nylon …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Wallace Hume Carothers — Wallace Carothers. Wallace Hume Carothers (* 27. April 1896 in Burlington, Iowa; † 29. April 1937 in Wilmington) war ein US amerikanischer Chemiker, der das Nylon erfand und nach dem die Carothers Gleichung benannt ist. Er war das älteste von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wallace Hume Carothers — Wallace Hume Carothers. Wallace Hume Carothers (27 avril 1896 29 avril 1937) est un chimiste américain de la compagnie DuPont. En 1935, il synthétise le nylon. Après avoir obtenu son doctorat, il enseigne à plusieurs… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wallace Hume Carothers — noun United States chemist who developed nylon (1896 1937) • Syn: ↑Carothers, ↑Wallace Carothers • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wallace H. Carothers — Wallace Hume Carothers (* 27. April 1896 in Burlington, Iowa; † 29. April 1937 in Wilmington) war ein US amerikanischer Chemiker, der das Nylon erfand und nach dem die Carothers Gleichung benannt ist. Er war das älteste von vier Kindern eines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wallace Carothers — Wallace Hume Carothers Wallace Hume Carothers (27 avril 1896 29 avril 1937) était un chimiste américain à la compagnie DuPont. En 1935, il synthétise le nylon. Après avoir obtenu son doctorat, il enseigne à plusieurs universités avant d être… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carothers — noun United States chemist who developed nylon (1896 1937) • Syn: ↑Wallace Carothers, ↑Wallace Hume Carothers • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wallace Carothers — noun United States chemist who developed nylon (1896 1937) • Syn: ↑Carothers, ↑Wallace Hume Carothers • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist …   Useful english dictionary