cancioneiro


cancioneiro

      (Portuguese: “songbook”), collection of Portuguese lyrics (cantigas (cantiga)) dating from the 12th century. The earliest examples of Portuguese-Galician poetry, composed from the 12th to the 14th century, were collected during the 14th and 15th centuries into three manuscript songbooks: the Cancioneiro da Ajuda, the Cancioneiro da Vaticana, and the Cancioneiro de Colocci-Brancuti (or da Biblioteca Nacional de Lisboa). The 2,000 poems in these books can be classified by content into three major categories: (1) the cantigas de amigo, laments of women for their lovers, dealing with sad partings, grief, and patient waiting and containing descriptions of nature that are permeated with saudade, the melancholy tone characteristic of Portuguese poetry; (2) the cantigas de amor, in which the pining lover is a man; and (3) the cantigas de escárnio e maldizer, ribald satires on contemporary themes. There are also occasional religious songs extolling the miracles of the Virgin. The lyrics are attributed to some 200 poets, including the Portuguese king Dinis (d. 1325) and his illegitimate son Alfonso Sanches.

      The later Cancioneiro Geral (1516), compiled by Garcia de Resende (Resende, Garcia de), contains nearly 1,000 cantigas in Portuguese and Castilian. Dealing with love and satiric themes, the verses are more intricate and sophisticated than those in the earlier collections and show evidence of Spanish and Italian influence.

      Although the early Portuguese cantigas now seem unoriginal in idea and conventional in metrical form and expression, the poems contain examples of the rare musical qualities characteristic of later Portuguese lyrics.

      The Portuguese cantigas stimulated the development of Spanish lyrical poetry, collected into cancioneros (Spanish: “songbooks”). Outstanding among them are the Cancionero de Baena (1445), a collection of 583 poems made by Juan Alfonso Baena that shows the influence of the Portuguese lyric but is more intellectual, using symbol, allegory, and classical allusion in the treatment of themes of high moral, philosophical, or political intent; and the Cancionero general (1511), a collection of late medieval lyrics made by Hernando del Castillo.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cancioneiro —   [kãsju nai̯ru, portugiesisch ] der, s/ s, Cancionero [spanisch kanθiɔ nero],    1) Liederbuch, Sammlung früher galicisch portugiesische Lyrik provenzalischen Ursprungs. In verschiedenen Handschriften überliefert: Cancioneiro da Ajuda (13./14.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • cancioneiro — s.n. Culegere de poezii lirice portugheze din sec. XII XIV. [pr.: can siu năí ru] – cuv. port. Trimis de valeriu, 11.02.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  CANCIONÉIRO s.n. v. cancionero. Trimis de LauraGellner, 1 …   Dicționar Român

  • Cancioneiro — est une formation musicale et vocale de huit personnes qui puise son inspiration dans la musique traditionnelle des différentes régions portugaises, qui privilégie les chants pour voix soliste, ou petits ensembles vocaux. L instrumentalisation… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cancioneiro — s. m. 1. Coleção de canções. 2. Coleção de antigas poesias (líricas e outras) em português, castelhano, galego, etc …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Cancioneiro — Can|ci|o|nei|ro [kãsi̯u nai̯ru] der; s, s <aus port. cancioneiro> port. Form von Cancionero …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • cancioneiro — can·cio·nei·ro …   English syllables

  • cancioneiro — noun see cancionero …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cancioneiro da Ajuda — Miniature du Cancioneiro da Ajuda Le Cancioneiro da Ajuda est une collection de poésies médiévales (cantigas) écrites en galaïco portugais. C est l un des trois cancioneiros conservés aujourd hui. Il tire son nom de la cité portugaise d Ajuda,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cancioneiro Colocci-Brancuti — Le Cancioneiro Colocci Brancuti est un des trois cancioneros qui recueillent les cantigas de la poésie médiévale galaïco portugaise. Il doit son nom au fait d avoir été découvert en 1878 dans la bibliothèque du comte Paolo Brancuti di Cagli, en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cancioneiro da Ajuda — The Cancioneiro de Ajuda ( Ajuda Songbook ) is a collection of poems written in the Galician Portuguese language and dating from the end of the 13th century. It is the oldest of the Galician Portuguese cancioneiros with secular music.The… …   Wikipedia


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