Campbell, John W.

Campbell, John W.

▪ American author and editor
in full  John Wood Campbell, Jr.  
born June 8, 1910, Newark, N.J., U.S.
died July 11, 1971, Mountainside, N.J.

      American science-fiction writer, considered the father of modern science fiction.

      Campbell, who spent his childhood reading widely and experimenting with science, began writing science fiction while in college. His first published story, “When the Atoms Failed” (1930), contained one of the earliest depictions of computers in science fiction.

      Through the early 1930s Campbell wrote stories of outer space but also began writing a different kind of science fiction under the pseudonym of “Don A. Stuart” (derived from his wife's name, Dona Stuart). In these stories, technology was secondary to the development of characterization and mood. One such story is “Twilight” (1934), in which machines work on incessantly, long after man is gone. These popular works prompted much imitation.

      Campbell's influence on other science fiction writers continued when he turned his attention in 1937 to editing Astounding Stories, later titled Astounding Science Fiction, then Analog. The magazine's contributors, including Isaac Asimov and Robert A. Heinlein, dominated the field in the mid-20th century. It was partly because of Campbell's influence that science fiction came to address major social issues.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Campbell, John D. — ▪ 2008 born April 8, 1955, Ailsa Craig, Ont.       On Feb. 25, 2007, the U.S. Harness Writers Association awarded Canadian Hall of Famer John D. Campbell the title of 2006 Driver of the Year. For Campbell, North American history s leading money… …   Universalium

  • CAMPBELL, JOHN —    Lord Chancellor of England, born at Cupar Fife; a son of the manse; destined for the Church, but took the study of law; was called to the bar; did journalistic work and law reports; was a Whig in politics; held a succession of offices both on… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Campbell, John Archibald — born June 24, 1811, Washington, Ga., U.S. died March 12, 1889, Baltimore, Md. U.S. jurist. After being admitted to the bar at age 18, he moved to Alabama, where he gained a large private practice and served in the state legislature. Appointed to… …   Universalium

  • Campbell, John McLeod — ▪ Scottish theologian born May 4, 1800, Kilninver, Argyllshire, Scot. died Feb. 27, 1872, Roseneath, Dumbartonshire       Scots theologian, intellectual leader, and author.       Campbell entered the University of Glasgow at the age of 11,… …   Universalium

  • Campbell, John, 1st Lord Campbell — (1779 1861)    Lawyer and biographer, s. of the minister of Cupar Fife, had a highly successful career as a lawyer, and held the offices successively of Solicitor and Attorney General, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, Lord Chief Justice, and Lord… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Campbell, John Archibald — (24 jun. 1811, Washington, Ga., EE.UU.–12 mar. 1889, Baltimore, Md.). Jurista estadounidense. Luego de recibirse de abogado a la edad de 18 años, se trasladó a Alabama, donde se dedicó con éxito al ejercicio privado de la profesión y sirvió en la …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CAMPBELL, JOHN FRANCIS —    born at Islay, author of, among other works, Popular Tales of the West Highlands, orally collected, a collection all his own, and a remarkable one for the enthusiasm and the patriotic devotion it displays (1822 1885) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • CAMPBELL, JOHN MACLEOD —    a Scotch clergyman, born in Argyll; deposed from the ministry of the Scotch Church in 1831 for his liberal theological sentiments; a saintly man, whose character alone should have protected him from such an indignity; his favourite theme was… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Campbell, John Francis — (1822 1885)    Celtic scholar, ed. at Eton and Edin., was afterwards Sec. to the Lighthouse Commission. He was an authority on Celtic folk lore, and pub. Popular Tales of the West Highlands (4 vols., 1860 62), and various Gaelic texts …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Logan Campbell — John Logan Campbell, etwa 1887 Sir John Logan Campbell, M.D., F.R.C.S.[1], Knight Bachelor, (* 3. November 1817 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.