Campbell, John W.


Campbell, John W.

▪ American author and editor
in full  John Wood Campbell, Jr.  
born June 8, 1910, Newark, N.J., U.S.
died July 11, 1971, Mountainside, N.J.

      American science-fiction writer, considered the father of modern science fiction.

      Campbell, who spent his childhood reading widely and experimenting with science, began writing science fiction while in college. His first published story, “When the Atoms Failed” (1930), contained one of the earliest depictions of computers in science fiction.

      Through the early 1930s Campbell wrote stories of outer space but also began writing a different kind of science fiction under the pseudonym of “Don A. Stuart” (derived from his wife's name, Dona Stuart). In these stories, technology was secondary to the development of characterization and mood. One such story is “Twilight” (1934), in which machines work on incessantly, long after man is gone. These popular works prompted much imitation.

      Campbell's influence on other science fiction writers continued when he turned his attention in 1937 to editing Astounding Stories, later titled Astounding Science Fiction, then Analog. The magazine's contributors, including Isaac Asimov and Robert A. Heinlein, dominated the field in the mid-20th century. It was partly because of Campbell's influence that science fiction came to address major social issues.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • CAMPBELL, JOHN FRANCIS —    born at Islay, author of, among other works, Popular Tales of the West Highlands, orally collected, a collection all his own, and a remarkable one for the enthusiasm and the patriotic devotion it displays (1822 1885) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • Campbell, John Francis — (1822 1885)    Celtic scholar, ed. at Eton and Edin., was afterwards Sec. to the Lighthouse Commission. He was an authority on Celtic folk lore, and pub. Popular Tales of the West Highlands (4 vols., 1860 62), and various Gaelic texts …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Logan Campbell — John Logan Campbell, etwa 1887 Sir John Logan Campbell, M.D., F.R.C.S.[1], Knight Bachelor, (* 3. November 1817 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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