Callias


Callias

▪ Greek statesman [4th century BC]

flourished 4th century BC

      Athenian ridiculed by the comic poets for his youthful extravagance; later in life he was a successful military commander and diplomat. The grandson of the Callias described above, he was the butt of jokes in the plays of Aristophanes and other poets and was attacked by the orator Andocides in his speech “On the Mysteries.” But Callias was on friendly terms with the Athenian philosphers, and his home was the scene of Xenophon's Symposium and Plato's Protagoras. In 390, during the Corinthian War (Sparta versus Athens and her allies, 395–387), he commanded the heavy infantry that helped Iphicrates annihilate a Spartan regiment near Corinth. In 371 Callias headed an embassy to Sparta that was credited with devising a treaty to end a seven-year war between Sparta and Athens.

▪ Greek statesman [5th century BC]

flourished 5th century BC

      diplomat and a notable member of one of the wealthiest families of ancient Athens.

      Callias is usually credited with negotiating the peace treaty of 450/449 between the Greeks and the Persians—called the Peace of Callias. This treaty officially concluded the long but intermittent Greco-Persian Wars. Callias is said to have distinguished himself in the Greek victory over the invading Persians at Marathon (490) and to have won the chariot race at the Olympic games three times. In addition to his probable role in negotiating the Peace of Callias, he seems to have helped formulate the Thirty Years' Treaty between Athens and Sparta in 446/445.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Callias — (en grec ancien Καλλίας / Kallías) est un homme politique athénien du Ve siècle av. J. C. Il naît vers 511 av. J. C. dans une famille eupatride qui prétend descendre de Triptolème, prêtre des Mystères d Éleusis et fondateur des Éleusinies.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Callias II — Callias (Καλλίας) was the head of a wealthy Athenian family, and fought at the Battle of Marathon (490) in priestly attire. His son, Hipponicus, was also a military commander. He is commonly known as Callias II to distinguish him from his… …   Wikipedia

  • Callias — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Nina de Callias (geb. Anne Marie Gaillardet; 1843–1884), französische Salonière und Schriftstellerin Siehe auch: Kallias Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CALLIAS — I. CALLIAS Arcadiae oppid. Pausan. l. 8. Et fontis nomen Suidae. II. CALLIAS Archon Athenis, Olympiadis centesimae annô quartô. III. CALLIAS Atheniensis Comicus fil. Lysimachi, qui Schoenion cognomiatus est, quod funes ob paupertatem torquerer.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Callias III — Callias (Greek: Kαλλίας, pronounced Kahl LEE as ), son of Hipponicus by the ex wife of Periclesrf|1|plut 24, an Alcmaeonid and the third head of one of the most distinguished Athenian families to bear the name of Callias, was said to be notorious …   Wikipedia

  • Callias of Chalcis — (in Greek Kαλλιας; lived 4th century BC), son of Mnesarchus, together with his brother Taurosthenes, succeeded his father in the tyranny of Chalcis, and formed an alliance with Philip of Macedon in order to support himself against Plutarch,… …   Wikipedia

  • Callias (comic poet) — Callias Schoenion was a poet of the Old Comedy, not to be confused with the three Athenian aristocrats named Callias, the last of which, Callias III, appears in Plato s Protagoras . Callias is best known for a few extant fragments of a comedy,… …   Wikipedia

  • Callias (disambiguation) — Callias was the head of a wealthy Athenian family.Callias may also refer to:* Callias (comic poet) (5th century BC), poet of the Old Comedy * Callias III (4th century BC), ancient Athenian dilettante * Callias of Chalcis (4th century BC), Ancient …   Wikipedia

  • CALLIAS Elecus — vates iamnidarum, Sybaritarum Principe Teli relictô, Crotoniatis, hostibus eius, lyppetias ivit. Herodoc. Musâ 5 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • CALLIAS alter — a Phocensibus in locum Phalaci, ob sacrilegium remoti, Dux subrogatus, Olympiad. 118. annô 2 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale


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