Calchas


Calchas

 in Greek mythology, the son of Thestor (a priest of Apollo) and the most famous soothsayer among the Greeks at the time of the Trojan War. He played an important role in the quarrel between Achilles and Agamemnon that begins Homer's Iliad. According to the lost poems of the Epic Cycle (a collection of at least 13 ancient Greek poems, many of them concerning the Trojan War), Calchas foretold the duration of the siege of Troy, demanded the sacrifice of Iphigeneia, daughter of Agamemnon (king of Mycenae), and advised the construction of the wooden horse with which the Greeks finally took Troy. It had been predicted that he should die when he met his superior in divination; the prophecy was fulfilled when Calchas met Mopsus (who was the son of Apollo and Manto, the daughter of the blind Theban seer Tiresias), after the war, at Claros in Asia Minor or at Siris in Italy. Beaten in a trial of soothsaying, Calchas died of chagrin or committed suicide.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calchas — (droite) conduisant Iphigénie au sacrifice, fresque sur plâtre de Pompéi, après 62 ap. J. C., Musée archéologique national de Naples Dans la mythologie grecque, Calchas (en grec ancien Κάλχας / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CALCHAS — Devin légendaire des Grecs au moment de la guerre de Troie. Il prédit, entre autres choses, la durée du siège, exigea le sacrifice d’Iphigénie, fille d’Agamemnon, et conseilla de construire le cheval de bois grâce auquel les Grecs prirent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Calchas — CALCHAS, antis, Gr. Κάλχας, αντος, des Thestors Sohn, daher er denn öfters bey den Dichtern Thestorides heißt. Hom. Il. Α. 69. Er gieng als Priester und Wahrsager mit vor Troja, und prophezeyete ihnen die Dauer desselben vorher, Ib. Β. 299. Cic.… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • CALCHAS — antis, Graecus augur, THestoris fil. (a quo Thestorides a Poetis vocatur) qui cum Graecis ad expeditionem Troiae profectus est: et quoniam divinandi arte plurimum praestabat, eius consiliô multa gesta sunt. Nam, cumin Aulide Gracecorum classis… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Calchas — In Greek mythology, Calchas ( bronze man ), son of Thestor, was a Argive seer, with a gift for interpreting the flight of birds that he received of Apollo: as an augur, Calchas had no rival in the camp ( Iliad i, E.V. Rieu translation). It was… …   Wikipedia

  • Calchas — Kalchas (rechts) bei der Opferung der Iphigenie Kalchas (lat. Calchas), Sohn des Thestor, war der offizielle Seher der Griechen während des Trojanischen Krieges. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Aussagen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Calchas — Cạlchas,   griechischer Mythos: Kalchas …   Universal-Lexikon

  • CALCHAS —    the soothsayer who accompanied Agamemnon to the siege of Troy; enjoined the sacrifice of Iphigenia to propitiate the gods, foretold the length or the war, and advised the construction of the wooden horses, a device by means of which Troy was… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Calchas — /ˈkælkæs/ (say kalkas) noun Greek Legend a priest of Apollo who aided the Greeks in the Trojan war …   Australian English dictionary

  • Calchas (nouvelle) — Calchas est une nouvelle d’Anton Tchekhov. Sommaire 1 Historique 2 Résumé 3 Extraits 4 Notes et références …   Wikipédia en Français


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