town, capital of Lot département, Midi-Pyrénées région, formerly capital of Quercy province, southern France. It is situated on a rocky peninsula surrounded by the Lot River and overlooked (southeast) by Mont Saint-Cyr, northeast of Agen. It was the capital of the ancient Cadurci people and was the Roman Divona; its ancient spring (Fons Divona) still supplies city water. During the Roman period it was famed for linen cloth. Later it was occupied by Visigoths and by Muslim invaders. In the 13th century, through its moneylenders, it became a well-known financial centre. From 1316 to the French Revolution of 1789, its bishops administered the region as coseigneurs with royal officers. Pope John XXII, a native of the city, established a university there in 1331 that survived until 1751, when it was combined with that of Toulouse.

      The boulevard Gambetta (named for the statesman Léon Gambetta (Gambetta, Léon), who was born in Cahors) divides the town's old and new quarters. The old town to the east is dominated by the Cathedral of Saint-Étienne, the first church in France to have cupolas. Founded in 1119 and rebuilt in part between 1285 and 1500, it influenced regional ecclesiastical architecture. The Pont Valentré, with three machicolated towers, is the finest medieval fortified bridge in France. Three other bridges, all built in the 19th century, span the river.

      Cahors functions as a small, regional service centre, but it also houses a number of industries, including food processing, printing, and the manufacture of automobile components and pharmaceuticals. Pop. (1999) 20,003; (2005 est.) 20,300.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cahors — Cahors …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cahors — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cahors Caors Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • CAHORS — Capitale des Cadurques, née près de la fontaine sacrée, Divona. Cahors, située dans un méandre encaissé du Lot, fut dotée d’un pont à partir d’Auguste et devint un centre très actif, orné de nombreux monuments et occupant la majeure partie de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cahors —   [ka ɔr],    1) Stadt in der Karstlandschaft des Quercy in einer Flussschlinge des Lot, Verwaltungssitz des Départements Lot, Frankreich, 19 700 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; Marktzentrum eines Wein und Tabakbaugebietes; Metallverarbeitung,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cahors — (spr. Kaohr), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Lot; 391/2 QM.; 124,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt am Lot, des gleichnamigen Arrondissements u. des Departements Lot; Sitz des Präfecten, der Departementalbehörden, eines Bischofs; 2… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cahors — (spr. kă ōr), Hauptstadt des franz. Depart. Lot, auf einer vom Lot gebildeten Halbinsel, Knotenpunkt an der Orléansbahn, zerfällt in die Oberstadt mit steilen und krummen Straßen und in die regelmäßige Unterstadt, hat 3 Brücken (darunter die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cahors — (spr. kăohr), Hauptstadt des franz. Dep. Lot, am Lot, (1901) 14.018 E.; Weinbau (Cahorsweine) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cahors — (frz. Cahohr), Hauptstadt des franz. Depart. des Lot, an diesem Flusse, 14000 E., Sitz der Departementalbehörden, eines Bischofs. einer Akademie, Fabriken für Tuch, Leder, Papier, Glas; berühmter Weinbau. C. ist Geburtsort Papst Johanns XX. u.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Cahors —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir cahors (AOC).  44° 26′ 54″ N 1° 26′ 29″ E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cahors — french commune nomcommune=Cahors région=Midi Pyrénées département=Lot ( préfecture ) arrondissement= Cahors canton= Cahors insee= 46042 cp=46000 maire=Marc Lecuru mandat= intercomm= longitude= 1.441389 latitude=44.448333 alt moy=130 m alt mini=… …   Wikipedia

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