Butler, Nicholas Murray

Butler, Nicholas Murray

▪ American educator

born April 2, 1862, Elizabeth, N.J., U.S.
died Dec. 7, 1947, New York, N.Y.
 American educator, publicist, and political figure who (with Jane Addams (Addams, Jane)) shared the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1931 and served as president of Columbia University from 1901 to 1945.

      Butler was educated at Columbia College, which became his intellectual and occupational home for the rest of his life. There, under the influence of Frederick Barnard (president of the college), he decided to prepare for a professional career in education. After completing his undergraduate work in 1882, Butler continued at Columbia as a graduate fellow in philosophy, taking his doctorate in 1884. A year in Paris and Berlin completed his formal education.

      Butler was appointed an assistant in philosophy at Columbia in 1885, becoming professor of philosophy and education in 1890 and president of the university in 1901. He held the latter post until his retirement in 1945. Under his leadership Columbia grew from a provincial college into a university of world renown.

      As a young man Butler strongly criticized the pedagogical methods of his time. As founder and president of the Industrial Education Association (1886–91), he played a central role in the establishment of the New York College for the Training of Teachers (renamed Teachers College, Columbia University in 1892). In later years Butler criticized pedagogical reform, steadfastly defending the “great tradition” of humanism in education and lashing out against such contemporary trends as vocationalism in education and behaviourism in psychology as the “new barbarism.”

      Butler was a champion of international understanding, helping to establish the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, of which he was a trustee and later president (1925–45). He was active in the councils of the Republican Party for more than half a century, attending many national conventions. He was also president of the American Academy of Arts and Letters (1928–41).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Butler,Nicholas Murray — Butler, Nicholas Murray. 1862 1947. American educator who advocated peace through education. He shared the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize. * * * …   Universalium

  • Butler, Nicholas Murray — ► (1862 1947) Pedagogo y publicista estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de la Paz en 1931, compartido con J. Addams …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nicholas Murray Butler — Nicholas Butler Nicholas Murray Butler en 1924 Nicholas Murray Butler, né à Elizabeth (New Jersey) le 2 avril 1862 et mort à New York le 7 décembre 1947, est co détenteur aux côtés de Jane A …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicholas Murray Butler — 12th President of Columbia University In office 1902–1945 Preceded by Se …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Murray Butler — (1924) Nicholas Murray Butler (* 2. April 1862 in Elizabeth, New Jersey; † 7. Dezember 1947 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Philosoph und Publizist. Er bekam 1931 gemeinsam mit Jane Addams den Friedensnobelpreis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Murray Butler — Nicholas Murray Butler …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nicholas Murray Butler — (n. Elizabeth, New Jersey, 2 de abril de 1862 † Nueva York, 7 de diciembre de 1947). Pedagogo y filósofo estadounidense. Estudió en el Columbia College, centro docente que adquiriría gracias a él categoría de Universidad de renombre y a cuyo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Butler, Nicholas M(urray) — (2 abr. 1862, Elizabeth, N.J., EE.UU.–7 dic. 1947, Nueva York, N.Y.). Educador estadounidense. Obtuvo su Ph.D. en la Universidad de Columbia. Fue el presidente fundador de lo que es actualmente el Columbia s Teachers College (1886–91). Como… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nicholas Murray Butler — (1862 1947) American educator, joint winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931, president of Columbia college from 1902 1912 and Columbia University from 1912 1945 …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Friedensnobelpreis 1931: Jane Addams — Nicholas Murray Butler —   Jane Addams erhielt den Preis für ihre langjährige Arbeit in internationalen Friedensorganisationen, Butler für sein Wirken als Präsident der Carnegie Stiftung.    Biografien   Jane Addams, * Cedarville (Illinois) 6. 9. 1860, ✝ Chicago 21. 5.… …   Universal-Lexikon

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