Burnside, Ambrose Everett


Burnside, Ambrose Everett

▪ United States general

born May 23, 1824, Liberty, Ind., U.S.
died Sept. 13, 1881, Bristol, R.I.
 Union general in the American Civil War and originator in the United States of the fashion of side whiskers (later known as sideburns).

      Burnside, a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. (1847), resigned his commission in 1853 and for the next five years manufactured firearms at Bristol, R.I. Soon after the Civil War broke out, Burnside took command of a Rhode Island militia regiment. He was later commissioned a brigadier general in the Union Army and fought in the North Carolina coast campaign. Promoted to major general (1862), he was transferred to the Virginia theatre of war. In command of General George McClellan's left wing at the Battle of Antietam (Antietam, Battle of), Md. (September), he was criticized for his ineffectiveness.

      When McClellan was removed from the command of the Army of the Potomac (Nov. 7, 1862), Burnside (over his own protests) was chosen to replace him. After a crushing defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg (Fredericksburg, Battle of) (December), Burnside was replaced by General Joseph Hooker (Jan. 26, 1863). Transferred to Ohio, Burnside helped to crush General John Morgan's Ohio raid in July. He then marched into Tennessee, taking Knoxville and holding it against a siege by Confederate troops under General James Longstreet. Returning to the Eastern theatre in 1864, Burnside led his old corps under General Ulysses S. Grant in the Wilderness campaign. In Virginia the fiasco of the “Burnside mine” at Petersburg (Petersburg Campaign)—a mine was exploded under part of the Confederate line, but the assaulting troops were repulsed with heavy losses because of mismanagement—brought about Burnside's resignation. After the war he served as governor of Rhode Island (1866–69) and as U.S. senator from 1875 until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Burnside,Ambrose Everett — Burn·side (bûrnʹsīd ), Ambrose Everett. 1824 1881. American general and politician known more for his side whiskers (or sideburns) than for his career in the Union Army, which included defeats at Fredericksburg (1862) and Petersburg (1864). * * * …   Universalium

  • Burnside, Ambrose (Everett) — (23 may. 1824, Liberty Ind., EE.UU.–13 sep. 1881, Bristol, R.I.). General de la Unión en la guerra de Secesión. Egresado de West Point, ascendió a general de división en 1862 y reemplazó a George B. McClellan en el mando del ejército del Potomac …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Burnside, Ambrose (Everett) — born May 23, 1824, Liberty, Ind., U.S. died Sept. 13, 1881, Bristol, R.I. Union general in the American Civil War. A graduate of West Point, he was promoted to major general in 1862 and replaced George B. McClellan as commander of the Army of the …   Universalium

  • Ambrose Everett Burnside — Ambrose Burnside Ambrose Everett Burnside Naissance 23 mai 1824 Liberty (Indiana) Décès 13 septembre 1881 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ambrose Everett Burnside — Ambrose E. Burnside Ambrose Everett Burnside (* 23. Mai 1824 in Liberty, Indiana; † 13. September 1881 in Bristol, Rhode Island) war ein General der United States Army im Sezessionskrieg und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ambrose Everett Burnside — noun United States general in the American Civil War who was defeated by Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Fredericksburg (1824 1881) • Syn: ↑Burnside, ↑A. E. Burnside • Instance Hypernyms: ↑general, ↑full general …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ambrose E. Burnside — Ambrose Burnside Ambrose Everett Burnside Naissance 23 mai 1824 Liberty (Indiana) Décès 13 septembre 1881 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ambrose Burnside — Ambrose Everett Burnside Naissance 23 mai 1824 Liberty (Indiana) Décès 13 septembre 1881 (à 57 ans) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ambrose E. Burnside — Ambrose Everett Burnside (* 23. Mai 1824 in Liberty, Indiana; † 13. September 1881 in Bristol, Rhode Island) war ein General der United States Army im Sezessionskrieg und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ambrose Burnside — Ambrose E. Burnside Ambrose Everett Burnside (* 23. Mai 1824 in Liberty, Union County, Indiana; † 13. September 1881 in Bristol, Rhode Island) war ein General des US Heeres während des Sezessionskriege …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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