Burnes, Sir Alexander


Burnes, Sir Alexander

▪ British explorer
born May 16, 1805, Montrose, Forfarshire, Scot.
died Nov. 2, 1841, Kābul, Afg.
 British explorer and diplomat (of the same family as the poet Robert Burns) who gained renown for his explorations in what are now Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Iran. For his accomplishments he was knighted in 1839.

      Burnes became interested in the geography of Afghanistan and central Asia while serving as an officer in the northwestern Indian state of Kutch (1823–29). He traveled in 1831 up the Indus River from Sind (Pakistan), delivering gifts to the local rulers, exploring the regions he visited, and eventually reaching the Punjab city of Lahore, now in Pakistan. The following year he began a journey that took him across Afghanistan, the Hindu Kush mountains, and Russian Turkistan to the city of Bukhara; his Persian travels led him to Meshed, Tehrān, and Bushire. The fame of his adventures preceded his return to London (1833) and earned him many honours, including a private audience with King William IV. In 1834 he published his Map of Central Asia and Travels into Bokhara. As a result of a political mission to Kābul (1836), he encouraged British India to support Dōst Moḥammed Khān on the Afghanistan throne. The government, however, chose to support the unpopular Shāh Shojāʿ's claim to the throne (1839) and needed Burnes to help reinstate him. Burnes was assassinated during the conflicts that followed.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Alexander Burnes — Sir Alexander Burnes (16 mai 1805, Montrose (Écosse) 2 novembre 1841, Kaboul) voyageur et explorateur britannique. Envoyé comme cadet aux Indes (1821), il était, dès 1828, second chef de l état major, il explora les bords de l …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Burnes — (spr. börns), Sir Alexander, brit. Reisender, geb. 16. Mai 1805 zu Montrose in Schottland, gest. 2. Nov. 1841, ging 1821 als Kadett nach Indien und rückte dort schnell zum zweiten Chef des Generalstabes vor. Im Besitz vorzüglicher… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Burnes — (Börnʼs), Sir Alexander, berühmt durch seine Reisen in Mittelasien, geb. 1805 zu Montrose, trat in Militärdienst bei der ostind. Compagnie, kam 1821 nach Bombay, machte bald bedeutende Fortschritte in der Hindusprache und im Persischen, ward dann …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Burnes —   [bəːnz], Sir Alexander, britischer Offizier und Asienforscher, * Montrose (Schottland) 16. 5. 1805, ✝ Kabul 2. 11. 1841; trug durch seine im Auftrag der britischen Regierung in Indien unternommenen diplomatischen Missionen (1831 an den Hof von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Alexander Burnes — Captain Sir Alexander Burnes (16 May 1805 ndash; 2 November 1841) was a British traveller and explorer who took part in The Great Game. He was nicknamed Bokhara Burnes for his role in establishing contact with and exploring Bukhara, which made… …   Wikipedia

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