Burgess, Ernest Watson


Burgess, Ernest Watson

▪ American sociologist
born May 16, 1886, Tilbury, Ontario, Canada
died December 27, 1966, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.

      American sociologist known for his research into the family as a social unit.

      Burgess received his B.A. (1908) from Kingfisher College (Oklahoma) and his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago (1913). He taught at the Universities of Toledo (Ohio) and Kansas and at Ohio State University before beginning a long career at the University of Chicago (1916–66), becoming professor emeritus in 1951.

      Burgess's scientific inquiry into the nature of the family led him to investigate marriage stability and the possibility of predicting success or failure in marriage. He theorized that the quality of adjustment depended on the gradual coalescence of attitudes and social characteristics of the husband and wife. From his findings, Burgess developed his marriage success chart for predicting marital stability.

      His findings on the family are published in many works, including Predicting Success or Failure in Marriage (1939; with Leonard Cottrell) and The Family: From Institution to Companionship (1945; with others; rev. ed. 1960). Burgess also studied the elderly, editing Aging in Western Societies (1960), a work that considered the effects of retirement and the efficacy of government programs for the aged. One of Burgess's most important works was Introduction to the Science of Sociology (1921; with Robert Park (Park, Robert E.)), a textbook that became a classic and mapped new directions in sociology. Much of Burgess's collaborative research with Park focused on urban land use and the social aspects of the urban community.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ernest Burgess — Ernest Watson Burgess (May 16, 1886 ndash; December 27, 1966) was an urban sociologist at the University of Chicago. Burgess was born in Tilbury, Ontario, and educated at Kingfisher College in Oklahoma. He continued graduate studies in sociology… …   Wikipedia

  • Ernest Burgess — Ernest Watson Burgess (* 16. Mai 1886 in Tilbury, Ontario; † 27. Dezember 1966) war ein kanadischer Soziologe. Er vertrat die sozialökologisch orientierte Chicagoer Schule der Soziologie, die in den 1920er Jahren die „Urban Sociology“ in den USA… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernest Burgess — Ernest Watson Burgess (16 mai 1886 – 27 décembre 1966), canadien d origine, est un sociologue urbain dont l œuvre initie, pour une part, ce que l on appellera l École de Chicago. Bien que né à Tilbury dans l’Ontario, Burgess s expatrie assez… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • sociology — sociologist, n. /soh see ol euh jee, soh shee /, n. the science or study of the origin, development, organization, and functioning of human society; the science of the fundamental laws of social relations, institutions, etc. [1835 45; < F… …   Universalium

  • Берджесс, Эрнст — В Википедии есть статьи о других людях с фамилией Берджесс. Эрнст Уотсон Берджесс англ. Ernest Watson Burgess Дата рождения: 16 мая 1886(1886 05 16 …   Википедия

  • Бёрджесс, Эрнст — В Википедии есть статьи о других людях с такой фамилией, см. Бёрджесс. Эрнст Уотсон Бёрджесс англ. Ernest Watson Burgess Дата рождения: 16 мая 1886(1886 05 16) …   Википедия

  • criminology — criminological /krim euh nl oj i keuhl/, criminologic, adj. criminologically, adv. criminologist, n. /krim euh nol euh jee/, n. the study of crime and criminals: a branch of sociology. [1855 60; < L crimin (s. of crimen; see CRIME) + O + LOGY] *… …   Universalium


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