Burger, Warren E.


Burger, Warren E.

▪ chief justice of United States
in full  Warren Earl Burger  
born Sept. 17, 1907, St. Paul, Minn., U.S.
died June 25, 1995, Washington, D.C.
 15th chief justice of the United States (1969–86).

      After graduating with honours from St. Paul (now William Mitchell) College of Law in 1931, Burger joined a prominent St. Paul law firm and gradually became active in Republican Party politics. In 1953 he was appointed an assistant U.S. attorney general, and in 1955 he was nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. Burger's generally conservative approach during his 13-year service (1956–69) on the nation's second highest court commended him to President Richard M. Nixon, who in 1969 named Burger to succeed Earl Warren as chief justice of the Supreme Court. He was quickly confirmed and in June 1969 was sworn in as the nation's chief justice.

      Contrary to some popular expectations, Burger and his three fellow Nixon-appointed justices did not try to reverse the tide of activist decision making on civil-rights issues and criminal law that was the Warren court's chief legacy. The court upheld the 1966 Miranda (Miranda v. Arizona) decision, which required that a criminal suspect under arrest be informed of his rights, and the court also upheld busing as a permissible means of racially desegregating public schools and the use of racial quotas in the distribution of federal grants and contracts to minorities. Under Burger's leadership the court did dilute several minor Warren-era decisions protecting the rights of criminal defendants, but the core of the Warren court's legal precedents in this and other fields survived almost untouched. Burger voted with the majority in the court's landmark 1973 decision (Roe (Roe v. Wade) v. Wade) that established women's constitutional right to have abortions.

      Burger himself took a pragmatic and accommodating stance toward controversial legal issues, and his opinions were not particularly noted either for their intellectual consistency or for their comprehensive and systematic application of legal principles. He instead became deeply involved in the administrative functions of his office, and he worked to improve the efficiency of the entire judicial system.

      Burger retired from the Supreme Court in 1986 to devote himself full-time to the chairmanship of the commission planning the bicentennial celebration of the U.S. constitution (1987). He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1988.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Burger, Warren Earl — ▪ 1996       U.S. Supreme Court chief justice (b. Sept. 17, 1907, St. Paul, Minn. d. June 25, 1995, Washington, D.C.), presided (1969 86) as the 15th chief justice of the United States. Burger, who attended night school to earn a law degree… …   Universalium

  • Burger, Warren E(arl) — born Sept. 17, 1907, St. Paul, Minn., U.S. died June 25, 1995, Washington, D.C. U.S. jurist. He graduated with honours from St. Paul (now William Mitchell) College of Law in 1931, after which he joined a prominent law firm and became active in… …   Universalium

  • Burger, Warren E(arl) — (17 sep. 1907, St. Paul, Minn., EE.UU.–25 jun. 1995, Washington, D.C.). Jurista estadounidense. Se graduó con honores en la facultad de derecho del St. Paul (ahora William Mitchell) College, en 1931, después de lo cual ingresó a un prominente… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Burger,Warren Earl — Bur·ger (bûrʹgər), Warren Earl. 1907 1995. American jurist who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1969 1986). * * * …   Universalium

  • Warren Burger — Warren Earl Burger Warren Earl Burger (17 septembre 1907 – 25 juin 1995) fut le 15e Chief Justice of United States, président de la Cour suprême des États Unis de 1969 à 1986. Bien que Burger fut considéré comme un conservateur à s …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Warren E. Burger — Warren Earl Burger Warren Earl Burger (17 septembre 1907 – 25 juin 1995) fut le 15e Chief Justice of United States, président de la Cour suprême des États Unis de 1969 à 1986. Bien que Burger fut considéré comme un conservateur à s …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Warren Burger — im Mai 1969 kurz nach seiner Ernennung zum obersten Bundesrichter der USA. Warren Earl Burger (* 17. September 1907 in Saint Paul, Minnesota; † 25. Juni 1995 in Washington, D.C.) war ober …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Warren Earl Burger — Warren Burger im Mai 1969 kurz nach seiner Ernennung zum obersten Bundesrichter der USA. Warren Earl Burger (* 17. September 1907 in Saint Paul, Minnesota; † 25. Juni 1995 in Washington, D.C.) war ober …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Warren — Warren, Informe Warren, John Collins Warren, Robert Penn ► C. del NE de E.U.A., estado de Michigan, suburbio de Detroit; 144 864 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Beatty, (Henry) Warren Henry Warren Beaty William Warren Bradley David Warren… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Warren E. Burger — For the American author, see Warren Berger (writer). Warren Burger 15th Chief Justice of the United States In office June 23, 1969 – September 26, 1986 …   Wikipedia


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