town (parish), West Oxfordshire district, administrative and historic county of Oxfordshire, southern England, on the River Windrush, in the Cotswolds. The town was acquired by Robert FitzHamon, earl of Gloucester, who granted it a market in 1088 and England's earliest datable merchant guild. Sir Lawrence Tanfield, a local landowner, successfully challenged the town's civic privileges in 1621 and also built a priory, which was later bought by William Lenthall, speaker (chairman) of the English Long Parliament (1640). The priory is now an Anglican convent. In 1649, during the English Civil War, the Levellers, a republican and democratic party of influence within the Parliamentarian army, were crushed at Burford by the lord protector Oliver Cromwell. The town's grammar school was founded in 1571; the Church of St. John the Baptist, originally Norman, has a delicate spire (14th–15th century) and a separate 13th-century chapel of St. Mary. Pop. (2001) 1,340.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Burford — ist der Name folgender Ortschaften: Burford (Cheshire), England Burford (Devon), England Burford (Ontario), Kanada Burford (Oxfordshire), England Burford (Shropshire), England Burford (Somerset), England Burford ist der Name folgender Personen:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Burford — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda …   Wikipedia Español

  • Burford — Burford …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Burford — (spr. Borford), Marktflecken an der Windrush in der englischen Grafschaft Oxford; 1400 Ew.; fertigen Sattel, wollene u. leinene Zeuge. Hier 750 Sieg des Königs Cuthred von Wessex über Ethelbald von Mercia. Später gehörte B. den Grafen von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Burford — (spr. bör ), Marktflecken in Oxfordshire (England), am Windrush, 27 km nordwestlich von Oxford, mit alter, meist gotischer Kirche, Lateinschule und (1901) 3638 Einw. – In angelsächsischer Zeit war der Name des Ortes Beorgford. 752 schlug hier… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Burford — Infobox UK place official name= Burford country= England region= South East England population= 5,972 os grid reference= SP2512 london distance= latitude= 51.8077 longitude= 1.6367 post town= postcode area= postcode district= dial code=… …   Wikipedia

  • Burford — This interesting name is of English locational origin from either Burford in Oxfordshire, recorded Beorgfeord in 752, in the Anglo Saxon Chronicles and Bureford in the Domesday Book 1086, or a place of the same name in Shropshire, which was… …   Surnames reference

  • Burford — Original name in latin Burford Name in other language Beorgford, Burford, bafodo, Бърфорд State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.80915 latitude 1.63628 altitude 107 Population 1340 Date 2012 04 12 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Burford, Ontario — Burford is a rural community and is the seat of the County of Brant, in central southwestern Ontario. It has 1,940 residents (2006 Census). It is located eight kilometers west of the City of Brantford along Highway 53, and seventy kilometers east …   Wikipedia

  • Burford (disambiguation) — Burford could be*Burford, Oxfordshire *Burford, Cheshire *Burford, Ontario *Burford, Shropshire*George Burford, American soccer coach*HMS Burford , the name of three ships of the Royal NavySee also: Buford …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.